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Table 2 Scores of JOA, ODI and VAS

From: Clinical efficacy and radiographic K-rod stabilization for the treatment of multilevel degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis

Index K-Rod(N = 25) Rigid(N = 15)
JOA ODI VAS JOA ODI VAS
Pre-operative 14.6 ± 1.26 37.92 ± 2.58 6.48 ± 0.96 14.6 ± 0.828 38.00 ± 2.20 6.53 ± 0.92
Post-operative 22.68 ± 0.85 15.24 ± 2.71 2.24 ± 0.723 22.40 ± 0.986 15.20 ± 1.01 1.52 ± 1.01
P 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
P JOA (0.461)   ODI (0.247)   VAS (0.391)  
  1. Note: Data are the mean ± SD. Data were compared through t-tests, P means Post- vs. pre-operative, P < 0.05; P′ means K-Rod group compare with rigid group, P > 0.05. P < 0.05 mean statistically significant differences