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Table 1 The throwing exercise with TheraBand

From: Efficacy of throwing exercise with TheraBand in male volleyball players with shoulder internal rotation deficit: a randomized controlled trial

Exercises Position/description
Eccentric exercise for the external rotators in an abducted position
Weeks (repetition * time)
Performed by the experimental groupExercises that accentuate the eccentric phase and “avoid” the concentric phase in order to load the muscles based on their eccentric capacity. Figures shows an example of an eccentric exercise for the external rotators in general in an abducted position.
Week 1–2: (3* 15 s)
Week 3–6: (3* 17 s)
Week 7–8: (3* 20 s)
External Rotation 90
Weeks (repetition * time)
Performed by the experimental groupWeek 1–2: (3* 15 s)
Week 3–6: (3* 17 s)
Week 7–8: (3* 20 s)
Perturbations applied to the patient’s extremity in the 90/90 position using the scapular plan
Weeks (repetition * time)
Performed by the experimental groupPerturbations applied to the patient’s extremity in the 90/90 position using the scapular plane.
Week 1–2: (3* 15 s)
Week 3–6: (3* 17 s)
Week 7–8: (3* 20 s)
Catching exercise
Weeks (repetition * time)
Performed by the experimental groupProne 90/90 plyometric exercise for posterior rotator cuff and scapular training.
Week 5–6: (3* 10 s)
Week 7–8: (3* 12 s)
Sleeper Stretch 1
Weeks (repetition * time)
Performed by the experimental groupOn the prone position
Week1–8: (5* 30 s)
Sleeper Stretch 2
Weeks (repetition * time)
Performed by the experimental groupPerformed in prone with manual stabilization of the scapula.
Week1–8: (5* 30 s)
Sleeper Stretch 3
Weeks (repetition * time)
Performed by the experimental group and control groupTraditional position, self-stretch performed in side lying with arm at 90 degrees of abduction.
Week1–8: (5* 30 s)
Sleeper Stretch 4
Weeks (repetition * time)
Performed by the experimental group
and control group
Alternate sideling position, self-stretch with arm elevated above 90 degrees.
Week1–8: (5* 30 s)
Sleeper Stretch 5
Weeks (repetition * time)
Performed by the experimental group
and control group
alternate sideling position, self-stretch with arm at 45 degrees
Week1–8: (5* 30 s)
Sleeper Stretch 6
Weeks (repetition * time)
Performed by the experimental groupPassive stretch performed in supine, with stabilization of the scapula.
Week1–8: (5* 30 s)