Skip to main content

Table 5 Comparison of patients who underwent arterial embolization with and without evidence of contrast extravasation during computed tomography

From: High incidence of surgical site infection may be related to suboptimal case selection for non-selective arterial embolization during resuscitation of patients with pelvic fractures: a retrospective study

  Evidence of CE (n = 109) No evidence of CE (n = 20) p-value
Sex, n (%)    0.47
 Male 54 (49.5%) 8 (40.0%)  
 Female 55 (50.5%) 12 (60.0%)  
Mean age, years 48.1 ± 22.9 50.1 ± 20.7 0.34
Mean ISS 26.2 ± 12.5 28.4 ± 9.8 0.13
Time from order to angiography, min 64.6 ± 47.2 62.9 ± 30.7 0.67
Repeat AE, n (%) 3 (2.8%) 2 (10.0%) 0.17
Fracture classification, n (%)    0.68
 Stable ring 30 (27.5%) 6 (30.0%)  
 Partially stable ring 32 (29.3%) 4 (20.0%)  
 Unstable ring 47 (43.2%) 10 (50.0%)  
Mean blood transfusion (mL) 2348.1 ± 2727.0 2606.0 ± 2097.2 0.25
Embolization material    0.23
 Gelfoam 101(92.7%) 17(85.0%)  
 Metal coils 8(7.3%) 3(15.0%)  
Osteosynthesis for pelvic fracture, n (%) 62 (56.9%) 13 (65.0%) 0.32
Embolization of BIIA, n (%) 82 (75.2%) 15 (75.0%) 0.59
Mortality, n (%) 12 (11.0%) 6 (30.0%) 0.03
  1. CE contrast extravasation, ISS injury severity score, AE arterial embolization, BIIA bilateral internal iliac arteries