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Table 4 Comparison of patients who did and did not undergo arterial embolization

From: High incidence of surgical site infection may be related to suboptimal case selection for non-selective arterial embolization during resuscitation of patients with pelvic fractures: a retrospective study

  No embolization (n = 416) Arterial embolization (n = 129) p-value
Sex, n (%)
 Male 205 (49.2%) 62 (48.0%) 0.85
 Female 211 (50.8%) 67 (52.0%)  
Mean age, years 45.5 ± 21.1 48.3 ± 22.5 0.25
Shock on arrival, n (%) 22 (5.3%) 88 (68.2%) 0.001
Mean ISS 14.5 ± 10.7 26.1 ± 12.0 0.01
Fracture classification, n (%) †
 Stable pelvic ring 245 (58.9%) 32 (24.8%) 0.001
 Partially unstable pelvic ring 88 (21.2%) 25 (19.3%)  
 Completely unstable pelvic ring 83 (19.9%) 72 (55.9%)  
Surgery for pelvic fracture, n (%) 136 (32.6%) 75 (58.1%) 0.001
Complications, n (%)
 Impotence in men 1 (0.6%) 3 (4.9%) 0.036
 Surgical site infection 5 (3.7%) 11 (14.7%) 0.006
Mortality, n (%) 5 (1.2%) 18 (13.7%) 0.001
  1. †The classification of the pelvic fracture was based on the AO/OTA classification (2018 revision)
  2. ISS injury severity score