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Table 4 Association between M3 and M4 phenotypes and clinical outcomes

From: Is intrinsic lumbar spine shape associated with lumbar disc degeneration? An exploratory study

MODES ODI HADS SF-36
D A PF RF Bodily Pain GH Vitality Social Function RE Mental Health
M3 Coefficient 0.06 0.18 0.25 −0.06 −0.25 − 0.02 0.85 − 0.20 0.34 − 0.41 −0.16
p value 0.78 0.41 0.27 0.78 0.26 0.93 0.70 0.37 0.88 0.06 0.46
N 26 22 22 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23
M4 Coefficient −0.37 −0.03 −0.37 0.32 0.36 0.60** 0.39 0.43* 0.61** 0.38 0.55**
p value 0.06 0.13 0.09 0.14 0.09 0.003 0.70 0.04 0.002 0.08 0.006
N 26 22 22 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23
  1. ODI Oswestry Disability Index, HADS = D Depression, A Anxiety, PF Physical Function, GH General Health, RF Role Physical, SF Social Function, RE Role Emotional. Coefficient = Pearson’s correlation. *Significance p < 0.05 **Significant p < 0.001.