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Table 2 Patient baseline characteristics

From: Treatment of acute Achilles tendon rupture – a multicentre, non-inferiority analysis

Demographics Total included cohort
(n = 422)
Surgical treatment
(n = 363)
Non-surgical treatment
(n = 59)
p-value
Patient sex
 Males 350 (82.9%) 309 (85.1%) 41 (69.5%)  
 Females 72 (17.1%) 54 (14.9%) 18 (30.5%) 0.0031
Age (years) 40.6 (8.6)
40.0 (18.0; 71.0)
n = 422
40.4 (8.4)
39.0 (18.0; 71.0)
n = 363
41.7 (9.6)
41.0 (21.0; 64.0)
n = 59
0.33
Height (cm) 178.3 (8.7)
180.0 (144.0; 200.0)
n = 412
178.8 (8.4)
180.0 (144.0; 200.0)
n = 354
175.1 (9.7)
175.5 (153.0; 195.0)
n = 58
0.0044
Weight (kg) 83.1 (13.2)
83.0 (43.0; 129.0)
n = 413
83.8 (13.1)
84.0 (43.0; 129.0)
n = 355
78.4 (12.7)
75.0 (57.0; 112.0)
n = 58
0.0024
BMI (kg/m2) 26.1 (3.3)
25.7 (19.6; 43.6)
n = 412
26.1 (3.3)
25.7 (19.6; 43.6)
n = 354
25.5 (3.2)
24.6 (20.1; 38.9)
n = 58
0.060
Smoking
 Non-smoker 316 (95.2%) 275 (95.8%) 41 (91.1%)  
 Smoker 16 (4.8%) 12 (4.2%) 4 (8.9%) 0.17
Study
 Nilson-Helander et al. [8] (n = 97) 88 (20.9%) 74 (20.4%) 14 (23.7%)  
 Olsson et al. [9] (n = 100) 87 (20.6%) 42 (11.6%) 45 (76.3%)  
 Aufwerber et al. [12] (n = 150) 103 (24.4%) 103 (28.3%) 0  
 Domeij-Arverud et al. [11] (n = 26) 25 (5.9%) 25 (6.9%) 0  
 Domeij-Arverud et al. [10] (n = 150) 119 (28.2%) 119 (32.8%) 0  
  1. For categorical variables, n (%) is presented. For continuous variables, the mean (standard deviation (SD))/median (min; max)/n = is presented
  2. BMI Body mass index