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Table 3 Summary of radiographic measurements, physical examination and sagittal kinematics of ankle joint

From: Discrepancy between true ankle dorsiflexion and gait kinematics and its association with severity of planovalgus foot deformity

 Mean ± SDRange
Radiographic parameter
 AP talus-1st metatarsal angle (°)23.5 ± 13.70.7 to 73.4
 Talonavicular coverage angle (°)32.3 ± 12.38.5 to 61.9
 Lateral talus-1st metatarsal angle (°)33.9 ± 15.18.1 to 76.8
 Calcaneal pitch angle (°)8.9 ± 7.6−14.4 to 21.7
 Talocalcaneal angle (°)56.1 ± 9.130.9 to 77.3
 Naviculocuboid overlap (%)75.6 ± 19.213.0 to 100
Physical examination
 Ankle dorsiflexion in knee extension (°)−20.6 ± 11.3−50.0 to −5.0
Sagittal kinematics of ankle joint
 Ankle dorsiflexion at initial contact (°)−3.2 ± 7.0−36.5 to 8.7
 Mean ankle dorsiflexion in stance (°)5.2 ± 7.5− 37.7 to 19.4
 Peak ankle dorsiflexion in stance (°)11.3 ± 8.5− 32.8 to 29.8