Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Shoulder motion monitoring for application in patients with musculoskeletal disorders

From: Wearable systems for shoulder kinematics assessment: a systematic review

Reference, Year, Type of publicationSensors, BrandPlacement and wearabilityTarget shoulder parameters, PerformanceGold standardTask executedParticipantsAim
Coley 2007, [29]
Full-Text
IMU (n = 2),
Analog Device
(gyr: ADXRS 250, acc: ADXL 21 0)
Bilateral:
humeri (posteriorly, distally)
Adhesive patch
Sh ROM
(HT joint angles), RMSE =5.81°
Mean = 1.80°
Zebris
CMS-HS
Sh FLX-EXT
Sh AB-AD
Sh IER
HS (n = 10),
25.1 ± 4.1 Y
P (n = 10),
7 RC, 3 OA,
4 F, 6 M,
62.4 ± 10.4 Y
Find objective scores to assess shoulder function; to validate such scores comparing healthy and affected shoulders
Coley 2008, [30]
Full-Text
IMU (n = 4),
Analog Device
(gyr: ADXRS 250,
acc: ADXL 21 0)
Bilateral:
humeri (posteriorly, distally), thorax
Adhesive patch
Sh ROM
(HT joint angles)
Daily activities (8 h)HS (n = 35)
32 ± 8 Y
Quantify usage of shoulder and the contribution of each shoulder in daily life activities
Jolles 2011, [31]
Full.Text
IMU (n = 4),
Analog Device (gyr: ADXRS 250, acc: ADXL 21 0)
Bilateral:
Humeri (distally, posteriorly), thorax (× 2)
Adhesive patch
Sh ROM
(HT joint angles), r = 0.61–0.80
7 activities of SSTP (n = 34)
27 RC, 7 OA
25 M, 9 F
57.5 ± 9.9
CG (n = 31)
17 M, 14 F
33.3 ± 8.0
Validate clinically shoulder parameters in patients after surgery for GH OA and RC disease
Duc 2013, [5]
Full-Text
IMU (n = 3),
Analog Device (gyr: ADXRS 250, acc: ADXL 210)
Bilateral:
Humeri (distal, posterior), sternum
Adhesive patch
Sh ROM
(HT joint angles), r2 = 0.13-0.52 (CMS)
r2 = 0.06-0.30 (DASH)
r2 = 0.03-0.31 (SST)
Free movements, daily activitiesHS (n = 41)
34 ± 9 Y
P (n = 21)
53 ± 9 Y
RC (unilateral)
Validate a method to detect movement of the humerus relative to the trunk and to provide outcomes parameters after shoulder surgery (frequency of arm movement and velocity)
Körver 2014, [32]
Full-Text
IMU (n = 2),
Inertia-Link-2400-SKI, MicroStrain
Bilateral:
Humerus (distal, posterior)
Adhesive
Sh ROM
(HT joint angles),
r = 0.39 (DASH)
r = 0.32 (SST)
Hand to the back,
Hand behind the head
HS (n = 100)
37 M, 63 F
40.6 ± 15.7 Y
P (n = 15)
5 M, 10 F
57.7 ± 10.4 Y, Subacromial impingement
Investigate about the correlation between subjective (clinical scale) and objective (IMU) assessment of shoulder ROM during a long-term period of follow-up
Van Den Noort 2014, [33]
Full-Text
M-IMU (n = 4),
Xsens MTw
Unilateral:
Thorax, scapula,
UA, FA
Straps, skin tape
Sh ROM
(HT and ST joint angles)
FLX (sagittal plane) and AB (frontal plane) with elb extended and thumb pointing upHS (n = 20)
3 M, 17 F
36 ± 11 Y
Evaluate the intra- and inter-observer reliability and precision of 3D scapula kinematics
Pichonnaz 2015, [34]
Full-Text
IMU (n = 3),
Analog Device
(acc: ADXL 210,
gyr: ADXRS 250)
Bilateral:
Sternum, Humeri (posterior, distal)
Skin tape
Sh ROM
(HT joint angles)
Free movements
(7 h)
HS (n = 41)
23 M, 18 F
34.1 ± 8.8 Y
P (n = 21)
14 M, 7 F
53.3 ± 9 Y
RC
Explore dominant and non-dominant arm usage as an indicator of UL function after rotator cuff repair during the first year after surgery
Roldán-Jiménez e Cuesta-Vargas 2015, [35]
Full-Text
M-IMU (n = 4),
InterSense InertiaCube3
Unilateral:
Sternum, humerus,
scapula, FA (near wrist)
adhesive tape and bandage
Sh ROM
(HT and ST joint angles)
180° sh AB and EXT with wri in neutral position and elb extendedHS (n = 11)
8 M, 3 F
24.7 ± 4.2 Y
Analyse UL angular mobility and linear acceleration in three anatomical axes
Van Den Noort 2015, [36]
Full-Text
M-IMU (n = 4),
Xsens MTw
Unilateral:
Thorax, Scapula, UA, FA
(ISEO protocol [33, 37])
Straps, skin tape
Sh ROM
(ST joint angles)
Humeral FLX (sagittal plane) and AB (frontal plane) with elb extended and thumb pointing upP (n = 10)
8 M, 2 F
24–63 Y
SD
Evaluate the change in 3D scapular kinematics using a single and double anatomical calibration with a scapular locator versus standard calibration; evaluate difference in 3D scapular kinematics between static posture and dynamic humeral elevation
Roldán-Jiménez e Cuesta-Vargas 2016, [38]
Full-Text
M-IMU (n = 3), InterSense, InertiaCube3Unilateral:
Humerus (middle third, slightly posterior), scapula, sternum
Double-sided tape, elastic bandage
Sh ROM
(GH and ST joint angles)
Sh AB (frontal plane)
Sh FLX (sagittal plane)
Wri in neutral position and elb extended
Young HS (n = 11),
18–35 Y
3 M, 8 F
Adult HS (n = 14)
> 40 Y
5 M, 9F
Analyze differences in shoulder kinematics in terms of angular mobility and linear acceleration related to age
Wang 2017, [26]
Full-Text
M-IMU (n = 3), Adafruit FLORA 9-DOFUnilateral:
Shoulder (flat part of acromion), spine (C7-T1, T4-T5)
Zipped vest, elastic strap with Velcro
Sh ROM
(ST joint angles), RMSE ~ 3.57°
PST-55/110 series60 ° sh FLX with elb extended and thumb pointing up, place a cooking pot on a shelf, 40 ° sh EL in the scapular plane with elb extended and thumb pointing up, place a bottle of water on a shelfP with musculoskeletal shoulder pain (n = 8)
3 M, 5 F
50 ± 6.44Y
Physiotherapist (n = 5)
Evaluate usability of a smart garment-supported postural feedback scapular training in patients with musculoskeletal shoulder pain and in physiotherapists who take care patients with shoulder disorders
Aslani 2018, [39]
Full-Text
M-IMU (n = 1), Bosh Sensortec BNO055
EMG, MyoWare Muscle Sensor
Unilateral:
UA, deltoid (2 surface electrodes on each deltoid section)
Band
Sh ROM (azimuthal and elevation angles)Arm EL (medially, anteriorly, cranially, posteriorly, laterally) with elb fully extendedHS (n = 6)
4 M, 2 F
27.3 ± 3.4Y
P (n = 1), M
Frozen Sh
42 Y
Evaluate a measurements protocol to assess the performance of the shoulder by combining both ROM and electromyography measurements
Carbonaro 2018, [40]
Conference
M-IMU (n = 3), Xsens MTwUnilateral:
Sternum, FA (distal), scapula (similar to the configuration in [37])
Elastic bands
Sh ROM
(GH and ST joint angles)
Extra-rotation,
Arm AB (with different load)
HS (n = 5)Test a digital application intended for tele-monitoring and tele-rehabilitation of the shoulder muscular-skeletal diseases
Hurd 2018, [41]
Full-Text
Acc buil.in ActiGraph
(n = 2), ActiGraph GT3XP-BLE
Unilateral:
Wrist, UA (mid-biceps level)
Velcro strap
Sh ROMADLP (n = 14)
7 M, 7 F
73 ± 6Y
GH OA, RC disease
Evaluate changes in pain, self-reported function and objective measurement of upper limb activity after RSA
Langohr 2018, [6]
Full-Text
IMU (n = 5), YEI TechnologyBilateral:
Sternum, UA (lateral aspects of the midhumerus), FA (dorsal aspect of the wrist)
Shirt
Sh ROM (humeral elevation and plane of elevation angles)Daily activities
(1 day, monitoring of 11 ± 3 h)
P (n = 36)
73 ± 10 Y
TSA, RTSA
Determine the total daily shoulder motion of patients after TSA and RTSA, compare the motion of the arthroplasty shoulder with that of the contralateral asymptomatic joint and compare the daily motion of TSA and RTSA shoulders
  1. acc accelerometer, gyr gyroscope, magn magnetometer, IMU Inertial Measurement Unit, M-IMU Magneto and Inertial Measurement Unit, UA Upper Arm, FA Forearm, ROM Range of motion, HT humerothoracic, ST scapulothoracic, GH glenohumeral, Sh shoulder, wri wrist, elb elbow, FLX-EXT flexion-extension, AB-AD abduction-adduction, IER internal-external rotation, RMSE root mean square error, r = correlation, r2, coefficient of determination, HS Healthy subject, CG Control Group, P patient, M male, F female, RC Rotator Cuff, OA Osteoarthritis, Y Years old, SST Simple Shoulder test, DASH Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand, CMS Constant Murley Score