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Table 2 Comparison of clinical outcomes between group 1 and group 2

From: Transarticular external fixation versus deltoid ligament repair in treating SER IV ankle fractures: a comparative study

  Group 1 (n = 20) Group 2 (n = 23) P value*
Operation time (min) 124.5 ± 6.403 154.78 ± 8.995 <  0.001
Blood loss (ml) 65.35 ± 6.385 81.96 ± 8.855 <  0.001
AOFAS score
 Preoperative 56.45 ± 4.359 58.04 ± 3.890 0.212
 Final follow-up 91.30 ± 3.658 92.13 ± 3.494 0.451
VAS score
 Preoperative 5.50 ± 1.100 4.96 ± 1.107 0.115
 Final follow-up 1.80 ± 1.056 1.70 ± 1.063 0.749
SF-36 score
 Preoperative 57.35 ± 3.990 58.09 ± 4.067 0.553
 Final follow-up 78.60 ± 8.684 79.57 ± 7.216 0.693
Fracture union time (week) 8.95 ± 1.986 10.70 ± 2.548 0.017
Ankle ROM (6 weeks post-op) 29.35 ± 2.033 40.35 ± 3.550 <  0.001
Ankle ROM (12 months post-op) 59.65 ± 3.031 60.43 ± 3.273 0.422
Complications
 Infection 1 (5%) 2 (8.7%) 1.000
 Nonunion 0 (0) 0 (0)  
 Delayed union 0 (0) 2 (8.7%) 0.491
 Arthritis 0 (0) 0 (0)  
Inconvenience in daily life
 Extremity cleaning 5 (25%) 19 (82.6%) <  0.001
 Clothing 17 (85%) 8 (34.8%) 0.002