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Table 1 Self-reported health in individuals with low back pain vs reference group (individuals with no LBP)

From: The StarT back screening tool and a pain mannequin improve triage in individuals with low back pain at risk of a worse prognosis – a population based cohort study

  Low back pain (n = 52) Reference group (n = 67) p-value
Age (years) 60 (7) 59 (9) 0.233
Sex (women) 65% 57% 0.337
SBT (0–9) 2.4 (1.5) 0.7 (0.9) < 0.001
RMDQ (0–24) 6.6 (4.7) 2.0 (2.1) < 0.001
EQ5D (0–1) 0.69 (0.21) 0.87 (0.14) < 0.001
FABQ PA (0–24) 8.4 (5.9) 5.5 (5.4) < 0.001
FABQ work (0–42) 15.0 (12.3) 8.5 (8.2) < 0.001
HAD anxiety (0–21) 7.7 (2.9) 5.1 (3.4) < 0.001
HAD depression (0–21) 3.7 (1.8) 2.2 (2.0) < 0.001
Pain NRS (0–10) 5.1 (2.1) 1.2 (2.4) < 0.001
Regions with pain (0–18) 5.0 (4.2) 1.9 (3.0) < 0.001
CWP at inclusion 53% 18% < 0.001
  1. Presented as mean (SD) or frequencies and p-values. SBT = STarT Back Screening Tool (best-worst), RMDQ = Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (best-worst), EQ5D = EuroQol 5-domain (worst-best), FABQ = Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire for physical activity and work (best-worst), HAD = Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (best-worst), NRS=Numeric Rating Scale, LBP = Low Back Pain, CWP = Chronic widespread pain, CLBP=Chronic LBP