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Table 2 Distribution of hip displacement according to socio-demographic factors, spastic CP sub-type, GMFCS and rehabilitation status

From: Hip dysplasia among children with spastic cerebral palsy in rural Bangladesh

  Right Left Total
Age Normal Subluxated Normal Subluxated Normal Subluxated
 0–4 years (n = 6) 5 (14.3) 1 (20.0) 5 (13.5) 1 (33.3) 10 (13.9) 2 (25.0)
 5–9 years (n = 18) 14 (40.0) 4 (80.0) 17 (45.9) 1 (33.3) 31 (43.1) 5 (62.5)
 10–14 years (n = 12) 12 (34.3) 0 (0.0) 11 (29.7) 1 (33.3) 23 (31.9) 1 (12.5)
 15 and above (n = 4) 4 (11.4) 0 (0.0) 4 (10.8) 0 (0.0) 8 (11.1) 0 (0.0)
Maternal Education
 Illiterate (n = 11) 11 (31.4) 0 (0.0) 11 (29.7) 0 (0.0) 22 (30.6) 0 (0.0)
 Primary (n = 16) 15 (42.9) 2 (40.0) 15 (40.5) 2 (66.7) 30 (41.7) 4 (50.0)
 Secondary (n = 9) 7 (20.0) 2 (40.0) 8 (21.6) 1 (33.3) 15 (20.8) 3 (37.5)
 More than Secondary (n = 3) 2 (5.7) 1 (20.0) 3 (8.1) 0 (0.0) 5 (6.9) 1 (12.5)
Paternal Education
 Illiterate (n = 15) 14 (40.0) 1 (20.0) 15 (40.5) 0 (0.0) 29 (40.3) 1 (12.5)
 Primary (n = 10) 9 (25.7) 1 (20.0) 9 (24.3) 1 (33.3) 18 (25.0) 2 (25.0)
 Secondary (n = 10) 7 (20.0) 3 (33.3) 9 (24.3) 1 (33.3) 16 (16.7) 4 (50.0)
 More than Secondary (n = 5) 5 (14.3) 0 (0.0) 4 (10.8) 1 (33.3) 9 (12.5) 1 (12.5)
Age of diagnosis of CP (months)
 0–23 (n = 1) 1 (2.9) 0 (0.0) 1 (2.7) 0 (0.0) 2 (2.8) 0 (0.0)
 24–47 (n = 21) 17 (48.6) 4 (80.0) 19 (51.4) 2 (66.7) 36 (50.0) 6 (75.0)
 48–84 (n = 10) 10 (28.6) 1 (20.0) 10 (27.0) 1 (33.3) 20 (27.8) 2 (25.0)
 85 & above (n = 7) 7 (20.0) 0 (0.0) 7 (18.9) 0 (0.0) 14 (19.4) 0 (0.0)
Spastic subtype
 Hemiplegia/ monoplegia (n = 11) 11 (31.4) 0 (0.0) 10 (27.0) 1 (33.3) 21 (29.2) 1 (12.5)
 Diplegia (n = 14) 12 (34.3) 3 (60.0) 14 (37.8) 1 (33.3) 26 (36.1) 4 (50.0)
 Triplegia (n = 4) 4 (11.4) 0 (0.0) 4 (10.8) 0 (0.0) 8 (11.1) 0 (0.0)
 Quadriplegia (n = 10) 8 (22.9) 2 (40.0) 9 (24.3) 1 (33.3) 17 (23.6) 3 (37.5)
GMFCS
 I-III (n = 27) 25 (71.5) 2 (40.0) 25 (67.5) 2 (66.6) 50 (69.4) 4 (50.0)
 IV-V (n = 13) 10 (28.6) 3 (60.0) 12 (32.4) 1 (33.3) 22 (30.5) 4 (50.0)
Received rehabilitation services
 Yes (n = 24) 23 (65.7) 1 (20.0) 22 (59.5) 2 (66.7) 45 (62.5) 3 (37.5)
 No (n = 16) 12 (34.3) 4 (80.0) 15 (40.5) 1 (33.3) 2 (37.5) 5 (62.5)