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Table 3 Baseline measurement of the hip and knee joints

From: Can short-term effectiveness of anti-pronation taping predict the long-term outcomes of customized foot orthoses: developing predictors to identify characteristics of patients with plantar heel pain likely to benefit from customized foot orthoses

Variable All Subjects (n = 74) Success (n = 49) Nonsuccess (n = 25) p value
Femoral neck anteversion, 27 deg. 7.7 ± 5.8 7.5 ± 6.3 8.0 ± 4.5 0.750
Tibial lateral torsion,32 deg 17.9 ± 7.0 18.1 ± 7.2 17.7 ± 6.9 0.825
Leg length difference,35 mm 1.0 ± 6.5 1.0 ± 5.8 1.1 ± 7.8 0.716
Quadriceps angle,34 deg 14.3 ± 5.7 14.7 ± 4.9 13.6 ± 7.0 0.452
Hip internal rotation ROM, deg 35.8 ± 13.1 33.5 ± 12.4 40.4 ± 13.4 0.030*
Hip external rotation ROM, deg 47.2 ± 12.8 49.2 ± 12.7 43.3 ± 12.3 0.060*
Straight leg raise range,36 deg 58.9 ± 14.1 57.2 ± 13.8 62.2 ± 14.4 0.157
Hip flexion ROM in Thomas test,37 deg −19.2 ± 9.5 −19.5 ± 9.4 − 18.6 ± 9.8 0.718
Knee flexion ROM in Thomas test,37 deg 50.0 ± 14.5 50.0 ± 14.0 50.0 ± 15.7 0.999
Hip adduction ROM in Ober’s test,38 deg 14.5 ± 9.2 13.6 ± 10.1 16.4 ± 6.7 0.221
  1. *p < 0.15
  2. ROM Range of motion
  3. Data present as mean ± SD