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Table 2 Baseline measurement of the foot and ankle joint

From: Can short-term effectiveness of anti-pronation taping predict the long-term outcomes of customized foot orthoses: developing predictors to identify characteristics of patients with plantar heel pain likely to benefit from customized foot orthoses

Variable All Subjects (n = 74) Success (n = 49) Nonsuccess (n = 25) p value
Rearfoot varus in STNP, deg 7.3 ± 2.5 7.0 ± 2.3 7.8 ± 2.7 0.227
Forefoot varus in STNP, deg 10.2 ± 4.2 10.7 ± 3.2 9.2 ± 5.7 0.141*
Rearfoot inversion ROM, deg 21.8 ± 6.1 21.5 ± 7.3 20.9 ± 5.6 0.649
Rearfoot eversion ROM, deg 9.3 ± 4.8 9.1 ± 5.1 9.5 ± 4.2 0.733
1st MTP joint extension ROM, deg 69.3 ± 11.5 68.7 ± 10.2 70.6 ± 13.9 0.505
Ankle dorsiflexion ROM, deg 10.8 ± 7.1 10.5 ± 7.1 11.6 ± 7.1 0.536
Ankle plantarflexion ROM, deg 53.1 ± 12.1 54.7 ± 11.0 50.1 ± 13.7 0.122*
Navicular drop test,34 mm 10.9 ± 4.6 11.0 ± 4.6 10.8 ± 4.7 0.893
Calcaneus valgus in RCSP,35 deg 6.0 ± 5.0 6.1 ± 5.0 5.9 ± 5.2 0.867
Calcaneus valgus in NCSP,35 deg −4.7 ± 3.5 −4.9 ± 3.2 − 4.2 ± 4.1 0.437
Foot posture index 6.3 ± 3.7 6.2 ± 3.8 6.5 ± 3.5 0.715
  1. *p < 0.15
  2. STNP Subtalar joint neutral position, ROM Range of motion, MTP Metatarsophalangeal, RCSP Relaxed calcaneal stance position, NCSP Neutral calcaneal stance position
  3. Data present as mean ± SD
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