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Table 4 The distribution of postoperative complications

From: Determining the effective timing of an open arthrolysis for post-traumatic elbow stiffness: a retrospective cohort study

CharacteristicsERMRLRP value
No. of patients317824 
Nerve complicationsa3 (10)5 (6)4 (17).308
 Ulnar nerve3 (10)5 (6)4 (17)
 Radial nerve0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)
 Median nerve0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)
Recurrent heterotopic ossification0 (0)3 (4)2 (8).275
Elbow instability0 (0)0 (0)1 (4).103
Wound infection0 (0)2 (3)1 (4).566
Pin-related complications3 (10)2 (3)2 (8).249
Othersb1 (3)3 (4)1 (4).982
  1. ER early release group, MR median release group, LR late release group
  2. anew-onset or exacerbation of nerve symptoms postoperatively
  3. bincluding refracture, hematoma, synovitis, tricep avulsion, incomplete wound healing with a sinus, wound dehiscence and intrarticular bleeding
  4. Categorical variables are presented as number (%)