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Table 1 Basic characteristics, injury severity, early treatment and outcome of multiple trauma patients with and without foot injuries. The small p values are based on the large sample size and interpretation should implicate the clinical importance of observed difference

From: Missed foot fractures in multiple trauma patients

  Patient without foot injuries Patients with foot injuries Total
n 31,559 2532 34,091
gender female 8473 (27%) 803 (31.9%) 9276
male 22,918 (73%) 1717 (68.1%) 24,635
age 1 to 17 years 1972 (6.3%) 102 (4.1%) 2074
18 to 59 years 18,662 (59.5%) 1842 (73.2%) 20,504
60 to 69 years 7252 (23.1%) 439 (17.4%) 7691
>  70 years 3505 (11.2%) 134 (5.3%) 3639
cause of accident car 9231(30.5%) 989 (40.1%) 10,220
motorcycle 4649 (15.4%) 352 (14.3%) 5001
bicycle 2510 (8.3%) 45 (1.8%) 2555
pedestrian 2816 (9.3%) 119 (4.8%) 2935
fall > 3 m 5863 (19.4%) 827 (33.5%) 6690
fall < 3 m 3047 (10.1%) 49 (2%) 3096
others 2157 (7.1%) 85 (3.4%) 2242
ISS 16–24 12,945 (41%) 1145 (45.2%) 14,090
ISS 25–34 10,678 (33.8%) 804 (31.8%) 11,482
ISS 35–49 5202 (16.5%) 394 (15.6%) 5596
ISS 50–75 2734 (8.6%) 189 (7.5%) 2923
GCS > 8 16,940 (67%) 1580 (78.8%) 18,520
GCS ≤ 8 8329 (33%) 423 (21.1%) 8752
AIS head < 3 14,201 (45%) 1682 (66.4%) 15,883
≥ 3 17,358 (55%) 850 (33.6%) 18,208
AIS thorax< 3 10,467 (33.2%) 872 (34.4%) 11,339
≥ 3 21,092 (66.8%) 1660 (65.6%) 22,752
AIS abdomen < 3 24,664 (78.2%) 1747 (69%) 26,411
≥ 3 6895 (21.9%) 785 (31%) 7680
GOS dead 5366 (17.9%) 235 (9.9%) 5601
persisted vegetative state 767 (2.6%) 31 (1.3%) 798
severely handicapped 3573 (11.9%) 344 (14.4%) 3917
slightly handicapped 7677 (25.6%) 859 (36.1%) 8536
well recovered 12,640 (42.1%) 912 (38.3%) 13,552
discharge from hospital to home 11,077 (35.2%) 775 (30.7%) 11,852
to rehabilitation clinic 10,601 (33.7%) 973 (38.5%) 11,574
to another hospital 3585 (11.4%) 439 (17.4%) 4024
others 802 (2.6%) 102 (4.0%) 904
death 5366 (17.1%) 235 (9.3%) 5601