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Table 7 Associations between physical exposure on the right side, as well as psychosocial factors, and diagnosed disorders in the neck and right upper limb, calculated with Poisson regression

From: Work-related neck and upper limb disorders – quantitative exposure–response relationships adjusted for personal characteristics and psychosocial conditions

  N Tension neck syndrome Rotator cuff tendonitis Acromioclavicular syndrome Carpal tunnel syndrome
  Crude PR (95% CI) Age-adjusted
PR (95% CI)
Crude
PR (95% CI)
Age-adjusted
PR (95% CI)
Crude
PR (95% CI)
Age-adjusted
PR (95% CI)
Crude
PR (95% CI)
Age-adjusted
PR (95% CI)
Physical exposure
 Head
  Inclination (°) p90
   Men 920 1.16 (0.98–1.38) 1.18 (0.99–1.40) 1.07 (0.84–1.37) 1.11 (0.87–1.42) 1.07 (0.86–1.34) 1.09 (0.87–1.37) 2.41 (1.51–3.86) 2.42 (1.50–3.92)
   Women 1825 1.20 (0.98–1.45) 1.16 (0.96–1.41) 0.96 (0.75–1.22) 0.92 (0.72–1.19) 1.09 (0.82–1.43) 0.99 (0.74–1.33) 2.49 (1.60–3.86 2.28 (1.45–3.59)
 Velocity (°/s) p50
   Men 920 1.16 (0.97–1.38) 1.18 (0.98–1.43) 1.24 (0.96–1.60) 1.40 (1.06–1.85) 1.26 (0.94–1.69) 1.34 (0.98–1.83) 2.11 (1.68–2.66) 2.30 (1.73–3.06)
   Women 1825 1.93 (1.51–2.46) 1.91 (1.51–2.41) 1.77 (1.28–2.46) 1.78 (1.28–2.48) 1.11 (0.73–1.69) 1.14 (0.75–1.72) 2.24 (1.27–3.95) 2.23 (1.30–3.83)
 Trapezius
  (%MVE) p90
   Men 920 1.20 (0.87–1.66) 1.23 (0.88–1.72) 1.49 (0.89–2.49) 1.81 (1.13–2.90) 1.69 (0.97–2.93) 1.90 (1.10–3.27) 3.83 (2.60–5.78) 4.07 (2.75–6.03)
   Women 2366 2.00 (1.61–2.49) 2.00 (1.61–2.48) 1.86 (1.33–2.59) 1.87 (1.33–2.61) 1.53 (1.04–2.26) 1.55 (1.04–2.31) 3.99 (2.50–6.36) 4.06 (2.54–6.51)
 Upper arm
  Elevation (°) p90
   Men 920 1.37 (0.83–2.25) 1.38 (0.84–2.25) 0.87 (0.44–1.69) 0.86 (0.44–1.69) 1.55 (0.75–3.21) 1.53 (0.74–3.17) 1.53 (0.54–4.31) 1.62 (0.58–4.49)
   Women 1878 1.07 (0.89–1.29) 1.09 (0.90–1.31) 1.29 (0.97–1.71) 1.28 (0.96–1.71) 1.05 (0.79–1.39) 1.03 (0.77–1.38) 1.56 (1.11–2.20) 1.56 (1.09–2.24)
 Velocity (°/s) p50
   Men 920 1.03 (0.99–1.07) 1.03 (0.99–1.07) 1.06 (1.01–1.11) 1.09 (1.04–1.15) 1.06 (1.00–1.13) 1.08 (1.02–1.15) 1.17 (1.12–1.22) 1.19 (1.13–1.25)
   Women 1878 1.21 (1.15–1.28) 1.20 (1.14–1.26) 1.13 (1.05–1.22) 1.13 (1.05–1.22) 1.00 (0.90–1.10) 1.00 (0.91–1.11) 1.20 (1.07–1.35) 1.19 (1.07–1.34)
 Forearm extensors
  (%MVE) p90
   Men 800 1.32 (1.09–1.61) 1.38 (1.10–1.73) 1.34 (1.01–1.78) 1.58 (1.12–2.23) 1.48 (1.09–2.00) 1.63 (1.17–2.28) 1.93 (1.43–2.56) 2.09 (1.38–3.16)
   Women 1437 1.34 (1.13–1.58) 1.32 (1.12–1.56) 1.34 (1.08–1.66) 1.36 (1.10–1.69) 0.94 (0.70–1.27) 0.98 (0.73–1.33) 1.56 (1.07–2.29) 1.64 (1.15–2.36)
 Wrist
  Flexion (°) p50
   Men 920 4.51 (2.31–8.84) 4.91 (2.49–9.67) 1.49 (0.72–3.08) 1.75 (0.85–3.61) 3.66 (1.49–9.01) 3.94 (1.62–9.58) 3.44 (1.60–7.37) 3.50 (1.53–7.97)
   Women 2366 1.14 (1.01–1.28) 1.15 (1.02–1.29) 1.37 (1.14–1.64) 1.36 (1.13–1.64) 1.28 (1.03–1.61) 1.28 (1.02–1.60) 1.99 (1.50–2.65) 2.01 (1.49–2.71)
 Velocity (°/s) p50
   Men 920 1.20 (1.05–1.38) 1.23 (1.05–1.43) 1.27 (1.05–1.55) 1.45 (1.17–1.78) 1.31 (1.05–1.63) 1.41 (1.12–1.78) 2.10 (1.72–2.56) 2.35 (1.78–3.10)
   Women 2366 1.29 (1.20–1.38) 1.30 (1.21–1.40) 1.34 (1.20–1.50) 1.37 (1.22–1.53) 1.21 (1.04–1.41) 1.25 (1.08–1.45) 1.43 (1.20–1.70) 1.49 (1.26–1.76)
Psychosocial factors
 Job demands
  Men 735 0.93 (0.48–1.79) 0.93 (0.49–1.77) 1.74 (1.03–2.95) 1.84 (1.10–3.07) 2.24 (1.12–4.49) 2.26 (1.14–4.45) 3.18 (1.83–5.51) 3.49 (1.96–6.20)
  Women 1878 1.53 (1.24–1.88) 1.52 (1.24–1.87) 1.47 (1.09–1.99) 1.48 (1.09–2.00) 1.86 (1.33–2.59) 1.91 (1.36–2.67) 1.59 (1.01–2.48) 1.60 (1.03–2.51)
 Job control
  Men 754 0.70 (0.49–1.02) 0.65 (0.45–0.94) 0.78 (0.49–1.25) 0.65 (0.42–1.03) 0.69 (0.42–1.15) 0.66 (0.41–1.08) 0.30 (0.13–0.68) 0.30 (0.14–0.66)
  Women 1897 0.55 (0.47–0.65) 0.55 (0.46–0.65) 0.58 (0.45–0.75) 0.55 (0.42–0.72) 0.68 (0.52–0.89) 0.64 (0.48–0.84) 0.55 (0.40–0.76) 0.49 (0.35–0.68)
 Job support
  Men 753 0.64 (0.33–1.25) 0.59 (0.31–1.11) 0.51 (0.26–1.03) 0.43 (0.24–0.78) 0.55 (0.25–1.24) 0.53 (0.24–1.15) 0.26 (0.11–0.58) 0.23 (0.09–0.55)
  Women 1884 0.68 (0.55–0.83) 0.68 (0.55–0.83) 0.68 (0.51–0.91) 0.67 (0.50–0.90) 0.61 (0.44–0.83) 0.59 (0.43–0.81) 0.46 (0.29–0.74) 0.43 (0.27–0.71)
  1. Prevalence ratio (PR) and 95% confidence interval (CI). Results in bold face are statistically significant. The PRs are expressed per 10°, 10°/s, 10%MVE and for psychosocial factors per step on the 1–4 point scale