Skip to main content

Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Table 1 Comparison of characteristics and univariate odds ratios of potential risk factors between helicopter pilots and crewmembers suffering from flight related neck pain (cases) and those not reporting neck pain (controls)

From: Prevalence and potential risk factors of flight-related neck, shoulder and low back pain among helicopter pilots and crewmembers: a questionnaire-based study

Risk indicators cases (n = 123) controls (n = 98) Odds Ratio (95% CI univariate) p-value
Profession [n, %]
 Crewmember 53 (45.3) 64 (54.7)   
 Pilot 70 (67.3) 34 (32.7) 2.5 (1.44–4.30) 0.001
Demographic data
 Age [years, Mean, SD] 44.7 (8.3) 44.7 (8.5)   0.988
 Height [m, Mean, SD] 1.8 (0.1) 1.8 (0.1)   0.364
 Weight [kg, Mean, SD] 81.5 (9.8) 80.0 (10.1)   0.078
 BMI [kg/m2, Mean, SD] 24.9 (2.4) 24.6 (2.5)   0.242
Flying hour variables [h, Mean, SD]
 Total flying hours 3311.3 (3286.2) 2254.3 (2682.6)   0.001
 Flying hours in the previous year 163.0 (134.6) 132.7 (129.0)   0.020
 Average flying hours per month in the previous 3 months 25.1 (28.0) 18.3 (21.4)   0.003
NVG variables
 NVG use [n, %]     
 Yes 91 (74.0) 56 (57.1) 2.1 (1.20–3.76) 0.009
 NVG flying hours [h, Mean, SD] 80.3 (116.0) 46.8 (83.9)   0.071
 NVG flying years [years, Mean, SD] 4.2 (3.8) 3.6 (4.6)   0.362
Helicopter type [n, %]
 Augusta Bell 58/206/212/407 9 (60.0) 6 (40.0) 1.2 (0.42–3.53) 0.726
 Eurocopter 135 97 (55.7) 77 (44.3) 1.0 (0.5–1.9) 0.958
 Airbus 350/355 9 (56.3) 7 (43.8) 1.0 (0.4–2.9) 0.960
 Others 8 (50.0) 8 (50.0) 0.8 (0.3–2.2) 0.637
Shoulder pain [n, %]
 Yes 65 (62.8) 16 (16.3) 5.7 (3.02–10.92) < 0.001
Low back pain [n, %]
 Yes 66 (53.7) 27 (27.6) 3.05 (1.73-5.37) <0.001