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Table 2 Diagnostic criteria proposed by Kahn for SAPHO syndrome diagnosis, 2003 [11]

From: SAPHO syndrome with pathological fractures of vertebral bodies: a case report

Inclusion criteria:
Bone–joint involvement associated with palmoplantar pustulosis and psoriasis vulgaris
Bone–joint involvement associated with severe acne
Isolated sterile* hyperostosis/osteitis (adults)
Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (children)
Bone–joint involvement associated with chronic bowel diseases
Exclusion criteria:
Infectious osteitis
Tumoral conditions of the bone
Non-inflammatory condensing lesions of the bone
  1. *Exception: growth of Propionibacterium acnes
  2. Note: Table 1 and Table 2 should appear at the second paragraph of the ‘Discussion’ section