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Table 2 Regional and Population-Based Distribution and Characteristics of Cervical spondylosis

From: The prevalence and associated factors of symptomatic cervical Spondylosis in Chinese adults: a community-based cross-sectional study

  N n p Sp χ2 p
Place of residence
 Urban 1293 169 13.07 0.94 8.257 0.016
 Suburban 1284 205 15.97 1.02   
 Rural 1282 157 12.25 0.92   
Age(years)
  < 30 813 37 4.55 0.73 118.304 < 0.001
 30- 1065 114 10.70 0.95   
 45- 1199 245 20.43 1.16   
  ≥ 60 772 130 16.84 1.35   
Sex
 Male 1820 191 10.49 0.72 29.432 < 0.001
 Female 2029 335 16.51 0.82   
Education
 Undergraduate or higher 598 60 10.03 1.23 18.503 < 0.001
 Junior college 689 75 10.89 1.19   
 Senior high school 1121 167 14.90 1.06   
 Junior high school or lower 1414 225 15.91 0.97   
BMI(kg/m2)
  < 18.5 235 15 6.38 1.60 15.559 0.001
 18.5- 1912 250 13.08 0.77   
 24.0- 1324 201 15.18 0.99   
  ≥ 28.0 366 59 16.12 2.92   
Nature of labor
 Physical-based 1466 202 13.78 0.90 2.785 0.426
 Mental-based 919 140 15.23 1.19   
 Mixed 894 114 12.75 1.12   
Per capita monthly income level (¥)
  < 2000 2194 300 13.67 0.73 0.765 0.682
 2000- 1400 198 14.14 0.93   
 5000- 217 26 12.98 2.21   
Drinking
 Yes 768 115 14.97 1.29 1.191 0.275
 No 3091 416 13.46 0.61   
Smoking
 Yes 929 110 11.84 1.06 3.798 0.051
 No 2930 421 14.37 0.65   
Job posture
 Sitting 1280 180 14.06 0.97 5.746 0.219
 Standing 799 104 13.02 1.19   
 Frequently stooping 216 37 17.13 2.57   
 Moving 1156 166 14.36 1.03   
 Other 405 44 10.86 1.55   
Daily transportation tools
 Non manpower transportation tool 2116 271 12.81 0.73 8.744 0.013
 Bicycle 743 127 17.09 1.38   
 On foot 992 132 13.31 1.08   
Sleep duration per day (hours/day)
  ≥ 7 3002 374 12.46 0.60 28.354 < 0.001
  < 7 762 152 19.95 1.45   
Vibration
 Yes 334 50 14.97 2.96 0.451 0.502
 No 3525 481 13.65 0.58   
Duration of the same work posture (hr/d)
  < 1 981 124 12.64 1.06 10.440 0.015
 1- 987 164 16.62 1.19   
 2- 477 69 14.47 1.61   
  ≥ 3 1411 174 12.33 0.88   
Exercise frequency
  ≥ 2 times/week 1107 201 18.16 1.16 35.174 < 0.001
 1 time/week 281 41 14.59 2.11   
 1 time/2 weeks 77 8 10.39 3.50   
  ≤ 1 time/month 37 10 27.03 7.40   
 No exercise 2336 267 11.43 0.66   
Exercise intensity
 None 2389 272 11.39 0.65 45.389 < 0.001
 Mild 759 150 19.76 1.45   
 Moderate 158 36 22.78 3.35   
 Vigorous 553 73 13.20 1.44   
Waist–hip ratio
 Normal 1602 187 11.67 0.80 9.369 0.002
 Central obesity 2243 339 15.11 0.76   
Menopause
 Yes 775 188 24.26 1.54 52.193 < 0.001
 No 1145 134 11.70 0.95