Skip to main content

Table 3 Classification of congenital limb deficiency

From: Congenital limb deficiency in Japan: a cross-sectional nationwide survey on its epidemiology

  Upper limbs Lower Limbs Total
  Number of deficiencies %   Number of deficiencies % Number of deficiencies %
Longitudinal Radial deficiency 110 24.9 Tibial deficiency 33 17.2   
Ulnar deficiency 27 6.1 Fibular deficiency 37 19.3   
Not classifiable 1 0.2 Not classifiable 1 0.5   
Subtotal 138 31.2 Subtotal 71 37.0 209 33.0
Transverse Shoulder, Upper arm, Elbow 16 3.6 Hip, Thigh, Knee 2 1.0   
Forearm, Wrist 41 9.3 Lower leg, Ankle 4 2.1   
Hand 141 31.9 Foot 54 28.1   
Unknown 3 0.7 Unknown 1 0.5   
Subtotal 201 45.5 Subtotal 61 31.8 262 41.3
Intercalary Phocomelia 5 1.1 Proximal femoral focal deficiency 7 3.6   
Subtotal 5 1.1 Subtotal 7 3.6 12 1.9
Central Split hand 75 17.0 Split foot 32 16.7   
Subtotal 75 17.0 Subtotal 32 16.7 107 16.9
Other finger column deficiency   23 5.2   21 10.9 44 6.9
Total   442 100   192 100 634 100