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Table 4 Baseline characteristics of participants with plantar fasciopathy allocated to the control, shoe or orthoses groups

From: Custom foot orthoses improve first-step pain in individuals with unilateral plantar fasciopathy: a pragmatic randomised controlled trial

Variable   Control group Shoe group Orthoses group p-value
   13 F:7 M 12F: 8 M 14F: 6 M  
   Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD  
Age (years)   44.7 13.3 44.9 14.5 44.5 13.0 0.996
Duration of symptoms (month)   6.0 3.1 6.1 3.3 6.2 2.5 0.987
Baseline pain (100 mm VAS) First-step 58.7 24.6 51.7 24.6 62.8 21.3 0.324
  Average 24-h 44.4 20.6 55.6 21.3 48.4 19.8 0.227
Height (m)   1.67 0.08 1.69 0.08 1.70 0.09 0.635
Body mass (kg)   76.1 23.4 85.4 25.6 80.1 18.8 0.725
BMI (kg/m2)   27.1 8.3 29.8 9.3 27.7 5.6 0.681
Foot length (mm)   247.2 12.8 246.5 16.7 244.7 22.3 0.900
   246.1 13.3 247.0 17.0 245.3 22.6 0.989
Navicular height (mm) Symp 35.2 4.9 38.6 6.9 36.2 6.6 0.292
  Non-symp 35.8 5.5 38.8 6.3 36.4 6.9 0.363
Normalised navicular height truncated (NNHt) Symp 0.20 0.03 0.22 0.04 0.20 0.05 0.290
Non-symp 0.20 0.03 0.22 0.05 0.21 0.04 0.400
  1. Abbreviations: mnth months, VAS visual analogue scale, m metres, kg kilograms, BMI body mass index, mm millimetres, Symp the symptomatic foot, Non-symp the non-symptomatic foot, F female participants, M male participants, Mean population mean, SD standard deviation of the mean. Statistical significance was set at 0.05