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Table 1 Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of the study sample (mean ± standard deviation)

From: Postural awareness and its relation to pain: validation of an innovative instrument measuring awareness of body posture in patients with chronic pain

  Total (N = 512) Inpatient sample (n = 310) Outpatient sample (n = 202)
Sociodemographic characteristics
Age, in years 50.3 ± 11.4 50.7 ± 12.4 49.6 ± 9.7
Gender
 Female, n (%) 469 (91.6%) 282 (91.0%) 187 (92.6%)
BMI, in kg/m2 26.4 ± 5.6 26.9 ± 5.7 25.7 ± 5.2
Family status, n (%)
 Single 87 (17.0%) 57 (18.4%) 30 (14.9%)
 With partner/married 338 (66.0%) 193 (62.3%) 145 (71.8%)
 Divorced, separated, widowed 81 (15.8%) 54 (17.4%) 27 (13.4%)
Education, n (%)
 < High school 279 (54.5%) 171 (55.2%) 108 (53.5%)
 At least high school 124 (24.2%) 73 (23.5%) 51 (25.2%)
 University 106 (20.7%) 63 (20.3%) 43 (21.3%)
Employment, n (%)
 Full-time 170 (33.2%) 95 (30.6%) 75 (37.1%)
 Part-time 132 (25.8%) 72 (23.22%) 60 (29.7%)
 Unemployed 26 (5.1%) 20 (6.5%) 6 (3.0%)
 Home keeper 32 (6.3%) 21 (6.8%) 11 (5.4%)
 Retired 96 (18.8%) 68 (21.9%) 28 (13.9%)
 Sick leave 48 (9.4%) 27 (8.7%) 21 (10.4%)
 In education 3 (0.6%) 2 (0.6%) 1 (0.5%)
Applied for disability pension, N (%) 83 (16.2%) 52 (16.8%) 31 (15.3%)
Clinical characteristics
Pain condition, n (%)a
Headache
 Migraine 105 (20.5%) 39 (12.6%) 66 (32.7%)
 Tension type headache 33 (6.4%) 11 (3.5%) 22 (10.9%)
 Other headache 80 (15.6%) 50 (16.1%) 30 (14.9%)
Rheumatic diseases
 Fibromyalgia 114 (22.3%) 71 (22.9%) 43 (21.3%)
 Osteoarthritis 90 (17.6%) 57 (18.4%) 33 (16.3%)
 Rheumatoid arthritis 17 (3.3%) 10 (3.2%) 7 (3.5%)
Spinal/shoulder pain
 Low back pain 150 (29.3%) 82 (26.5%) 68 (33.7%)
 Neck pain 48 (9.4%) 29 (9.4%) 19 (9.4%)
 Shoulder pain 55 (10.7%) 31 (10.0%) 24 (11.9%)
Other pain 265 (51.8%) 175 (56.5%) 90 (44.6%)
Duration of pain, in years 12.9 ± 11.9 11.0 ± 10.7 15.6 ± 13.0
Intensity of pain, 0-100 mm VAS 45.2 ± 26.1 48.2 ± 25.2 40.7 ± 26.9
  1. aMore than one pain condition per patient possible
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