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Table 3 Performance in the clinical tests at baseline

From: Prognostic factors of a favorable outcome following a supervised exercise program for soldiers with sub-acute and chronic low back pain

Variables All Subjects (N = 85) Favorable outcome (N = 40) Unfavorable outcome (N = 45)
Mean distance fingertip to ground in trunk flexion (cm) 10.67 ± 10.87 10.96 ± 10.51 10.41 ± 11.29
Mean distance fingertip to ground in trunk lateral flexion (cm) 48.18 ± 4.52 48.28 ± 4.22 48.08 ± 4.81
Trunk lateral flexion discrepancy (R-L, cm) 2.37 ± 2.27 2.21 ± 1.87 2.51 ± 2.59
Worst trunk lateral flexion (cm) 46.99 ± 4.60 47.17 ± 4.38 46.83 ± 4.84
Mean trunk extension (deg) 24.23 ± 9.91 24.82 ± 9.79 23.71 ± 10.10
Mean hip internal rotation (deg) 30.84 ± 9.54 5.97 ± 7.25 5.97 ± 4.68
Hip internal rotation discrepancy (R-L, deg) 7.54 ± 6.33 28.32 ± 9.23 27.42 ± 10.17
Worst hip internal rotation (deg) 27.84 ± 9.69 31.31 ± 9.02 30.41 ± 10.06
Mean hip external rotation (deg) 45.12 ± 10.87 45.76 ± 11.26 44.55 ± 10.59
Hip external rotation discrepancy (R-L, deg) 5.97 ± 5.99 7.22 ± 6.65 7.82 ± 6.09
Worst hip external rotation (deg) 41.35 ± 11.81 42.15 ± 12.53 40.64 ± 11.23
Mean hip flexion (deg) 111.08 ± 8.87 111.33 ± 10.38 110.84 ± 7.64
Hip flexion discrepancy (R-L, deg) 4.36 ± 3.24 4.55 ± 3.13 4.20 ± 3.36
Worst hip flexion (deg) 106.45 ± 11.04 108.47 ± 11.32 104.66 ± 10.58
Mean hip extension (deg) 11.15 ± 11.05 11.07 ± 11.95 11.22 ± 10.31
Hip extension discrepancy (R-L, deg) 3.08 ± 2.76 2.90 ± 2.53 3.24 ± 2.97
Worst hip extension (deg) 9.61 ± 10.99 9.62 ± 12.04 9.60 ± 10.10
Mean lateral plank (sec) 65.72 ± 35.46 66.79 ± 30.58 64.76 ± 39.61
Lateral plank discrepancy (R-L, sec) 14.00 ± 12.74 14.62 ± 14.07 13.45 ± 11.56
Worst lateral plank (sec) 58.57 ± 33.75 57.86 ± 26.26 59.14 ± 39.11
Mean score on Biering-Sorensen test (sec) 84.19 ± 44.12 95.10 ± 47.09 74.48 ± 39.33
Mean score on McGill abdominal test (sec) 101.96 ± 56.29 112.07 ± 58.65 92.97 ± 53.15
Mean Straight Leg Raise (deg) 72.85 ± 10.95 72.55 ± 10.59 73.12 ± 11.36
Straight Leg Raise discrepancy (R-L, deg) 4.76 ± 4.78 4.40 ± 4.04 5.08 ± 5.38
Worst Straight Leg Raise (deg) 70.47 ± 11.46 70.35 ± 10.77 70.57 ± 12.16
  1. sec: second, deg.: degree, cm: centimeter. All measurements are shown as Mean ± 1 Standard Deviation. None of the clinical variables showed a significant difference (univariate analyses)