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Table 3 Scoring system for the treatment of low back disorders devised by the Japanese Orthopaedic Association

From: Clinical and imaging characteristics in patients undergoing surgery for lumbar epidural lipomatosis

Item Score
Subjective symptoms
 Low back pain
  None 3
  Occasional mild pain 2
  Frequent mild or occasional severe pain 1
  Frequent severe pain 0
 Leg pain and/or numbness
  None 3
  Occasional mild leg pain and/or numbness 2
  Frequent mild or occasional severe leg pain and/or numbness 1
  Frequent severe leg pain and/or numbness 0
 Walking capacity
  Normal 3
  Able to walk > 500 m with leg pain and/or numbness 2
  Able to walk 100–500 m with leg pain and/or numbness 1
  Able to walk < 100–500 m with leg pain and/or numbness 0
 Clinical signs
  Straight leg raise test  
  Normal 2
  30 degrees to 70 degrees 1
   < 30 degrees 0
 Motor function
  Normal 2
  Slight weakness (MMT: good) 1
  Severe weakness (MMT: poor) 0
 Sensory function
  Normal 2
  Slight disturbance 1
  Severe disturbance 0
 Bladder function
  Normal 0
  Mild dysuria –3
  Severe dysuria –6
 Restriction of activities of daily living Impossible Difficult Easy
  Turning in bed 0 1 2
  Standing up 0 1 2
  Washing face 0 1 2
  Half-sitting posture 0 1 2
  Sitting 0 1 2
  Lifting 0 1 2
  Running 0 1 2
Total for normal 29
  1. MMT manual muscle testing