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Table 1 Demographic and baseline characteristics of the groups

From: Comparison of single-dose radial extracorporeal shock wave and local corticosteroid injection for treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome including mid-term efficacy: a prospective randomized controlled trial

Characteristic rESWTa (n = 13) LCsIb (n = 12) p value
Age, median (mean +/− SD), y 46 +/−  9 53 +/−  12 0.12
Gender, n (%)    0.16
 Male 5 (62) 1 (8)  
 Female 8 (38) 11 (92)  
Body mass index, (mean +/− SD) 28 (5) 24 (3) 0.09
Lesion site, n (%)    > 0.99
 Right 9 (69) 8 (67)  
 Left 4 (31) 4 (33)  
 Unilateral 9 (69) 12 (100)  
 Bilateral 4 (31) 0  
Severity, n (%)    > 0.99
 Mild 5 (62) 4 (33)  
 Moderate 8 (38) 8 (67)  
Baseline visual analogue scale, (mean +/− SD) 2.4 +/− 2.5 2.6 +/−  2.0 0.60
Baseline symptom severity score, (mean +/− SD) 21 +/−  6.4 22 +/−  5.1 0.63
Baseline functional score, (mean +/− SD) 14 +/−  3.2 12 +/−  4.1 0.16
Baseline Boston questionnaire score, (mean +/− SD) 35 +/−  8.5 34 +/−  8.5 0.77
Baseline peak sensory distal latency, (mean +/− SD) 4.5 +/−  0.72 3.7 +/−  1.3 0.057
Baseline SNAPc amplitude, (mean +/− SD) 17 +/−  6.9 18 +/−  10 0.72
Baseline motor distal latency, (mean +/− SD) 4.5 +/−  0.35 4.7 +/−  0.90 0.57
Baseline CMAPd amplitude, (mean +/− SD) 6.9 +/−  1.5 6.0 +/−  0.61 0.16
  1. arESWT = Radial extracorporeal shockwave therapy
  2. bLCsI = Local corticosteroid injection
  3. cSNAP = Sensory nerve action potential
  4. dCMAP = Compound muscle action potential