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Table 1 Basic information and functional outcomes between deltoid ligament repaired and unrepaired patients

From: Surgical treatment of ankle fracture with or without deltoid ligament repair: a comparative study

  DL repaired (n = 20) DL unrepaired (n = 54) P-value
Gender (M/F) 16/4 36/18 0.39
Side (L/R) 12/8 30/24 0.80
Causes of injury
 Sprain 10 32 0.75
 Fall from high 4 9
 Traffic injury 3 9
 Sports injury 3 4
AO (Lauge-Hansen) classification
 Type-B (SER) 12 37 0.49
 Type-C (PER/PA) 8 17
Mean follow-up time 46.9 ± 22.5 56.3 ± 23.9 0.13
MCS (mm) 9.5 ± 1.8 8.4 ± 2.5 0.08
Post-operative MCS (mm) 3.3 ± 0.3 3.8 ± 1.0 0.03
Follow-up MCS (mm) 3.2 ± 0.3 3.8 ± 1.2 0.03
Syndesmosis fixation 9 21 0.63
Malreduction (%) 0 (0) 11 (20.4) 0.03
Failure (%) 0 (0) 4 (7.4) 0.57
AOFAS 88.0 ± 5.8 85.9 ± 8.7 0.32
VAS 1.2 ± 0.8 1.6 ± 1.6 0.29
  1. M Male, F Female, L Left, R Right, SER Supination-external rotation, PER Pronation-external rotation, PA Pronation-abduction, MCS Medial clear space, AOFAS American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society ankle and hindfoot score, VAS Visual analogue scale