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Table 4 Sex differences in change in physical function and HRQoL outcomes after exercise intervention

From: Sex differences in response to targeted kyphosis specific exercise and posture training in community-dwelling older adults: a randomized controlled trial

Outcome Women (n = 60) Men (n = 41) p-value
LS Mean change (95% CI) LS Mean change (95% CI)
Modified PPT (0–36 points) −1.0 (−2.6 to 0.5) −1.9 (−3.8 to 0.1) 0.51
4-m walk (meters/s) 0.02 (0 to 0.1) 0 (−0.1 to 0.1) 0.57
Timed Up and Go (seconds) −0.1 (−0.4 to 0.1) 0.1 (−0.2 to 0.5) 0.22
Timed Loaded Standing (seconds) 3.2 (−4.3 to 10.6) 1.7 (−7.5 to 10.9) 0.81
Six Minute Walk Test (meters) 11.5 (− 3.3 to 26.3) 1.8 (−16.2 to 19.9) 0.41
SRS 30 Self-esteem (0–5 points) 0.25 (0.1 to 0.4) 0.2 (0.1 to 0.3) 0.52
Global health index (0–50) 0.7 (− 0.3 to 1.6) 0.5 (−0.6 to −1.6) 0.84
Physical function (t--score) 1.7 (0.3 to 3.2) 2.0 (0.3 to 3.8) 0.79
  1. *p-value for interaction by sex with p < 0.1 indicating significance