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Table 2 Summary of previous studies of the tibial sagittal insertion of ACL

From: Variations in sagittal locations of anterior cruciate ligament tibial footprints and their association with radiographic landmarks: a human cadaveric study

Authors Methods Number Reference line (AP diameter) ACL centera AM centera PL centera
Staubli and Rauschning [26] cadaver 10 Staubli & Rauschning’s lineb 41.2   
cryosection 5 Staubli & Rauschning’s lineb 43.3   
MRI 23 male Staubli & Rauschning’s lineb 44.1   
12 female Staubli & Rauschning’s lineb 43.7   
Shea et al. [25] MRI 14 male Staubli & Rauschning’s lineb 43   
7 female Staubli & Rauschning’s lineb 46   
Colombet et al. [18] lateral radiographs 7 Amis & Jakob’s line   36 52
Zantop et al. [24] lateral radiographs 20 Staubli & Rauschning’s lineb   30 44
Doi et al. [19] lateral radiographs 31 Amis & Jakob’s line   34.6 38.5
Pietrini et al. [23] lateral radiographs 12 Amis & Jakob’s line   36.3 51
Iriuchishima et al. [20] lateral radiographs 15 Staubli & Rauschning’s lineb   31 50
Kasten et al. [27] lateral radiographs 67 Amis & Jakob’s line   35 48
Musahl et al. [22] lateral radiographs 8 medial tibia plateau line 46.2   
CT 8 medial tibia plateau line 45.4   
Lintner et al. [21] lateral radiographs 7 tibia articular surface 40   
Current study lateral radiographs 20 Amis & Jakob’s line 40.9   
  1. aData are presented as the percentage that was measured by the proportion in the each used reference line
  2. bStaubli & Rauschning’s line: The line passing through the posterior corner of the tibial plateau and perpendicular to the tibial axis
  3. Abbreviations: AM: anteromedial, PL: posterolateral, AP: anteroposterior