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Table 7 Associated factors with an increase of physical activity

From: Effectiveness of a theory-based multicomponent intervention (Movement Coaching) on the promotion of total and domain-specific physical activity: a randomised controlled trial in low back pain patients

N = 144 Beta SE (β) Sig. OR 95%-CI
Total physical activity1
Group: Control group vs. Movement Coaching −0.024 0.792 0.976 0.976 [0.207; 4.608]
Age (years) 0.027 0.064 0.668 1.028 [0.907; 1.164]
Gender: men vs. women 0.739 1–005 0.462 2.094 [0.292; 15.023]
Body Mass Index (BMI) 0.027 0.102 0.789 2.094 [0.841; 1.255]
Highest level of education:
“higher than lower secondary school” vs. “lower secondary school”
−0.364 0.837 0.663 0.695 [0.135; 3.582]
Duration of LBP at baseline:
“>12 months” vs. “≤12 months” vs.
−0.978 1.063 0.358 0–376 [0.047; 3.025]
Intensity of pain at baseline(minimum = 1; maximum = 6) −0.162 0.424 0.702 0.850 [0.371; 1.950]
Baseline physical activity
(MET-min/week)
−0.001 0.001 0.018* 0.999 [0.998; 1.000]
Leisure time physical activity2
Group: Control group vs. Movement Coaching −2.749 2.088 0.188 0.064 [0.001; 3.833]
Age (years) 0.157 0.219 0.473 1.170 [0.762; 1.797]
Gender: men vs. women 1.425 1.819 0.433 4.158 [0.118; 146.877]
Body Mass Index (BMI) 0.252 0.176 0.153 1.287 [0.911; 1.818]
Highest level of education:
“higher than lower secondary school” vs. “lower secondary school”
1.877 1.831 0.305 6.536 [0.180; 236.743]
Duration of LBP at baseline:
“>12 months” vs. “≤12 months” vs.
−0.135 2.285 0.953 0.873 [0.010; 76.946]
Intensity of pain at baseline(minimum = 1; maximum = 6) 0.419 0.608 0.491 1.520 [0.461; 5.010]
Baseline physical activity
(MET-min/week)
−0.021 0.008 0.005* 0.979 [0.965; 0.994]
Workplace physical activity3
Group: Control group vs. Movement Coaching −0.539 0.859 0.530 0.583 [0.108; 3.141]
Age (years) 0.081 0.068 0.230 1.085 [0.950; 1.239]
Gender: men vs. women 0.873 0.854 0.307 2.395 [0.449; 12.774]
Body Mass Index (BMI) 0.038 0.106 0.721 1.039 [0.844; 1.278]
Highest level of education:
“higher than lower secondary school” vs. “lower secondary school”
0.928 0.895 0.300 2.531 [0.438; 14.629]
Duration of LBP at baseline:
“>12 months” vs. “≤12 months” vs.
−1.960 1.609 0.223 0.141 [0.006; 3.298]
Intensity of pain at baseline(minimum = 1; maximum = 6) −0.208 0.405 0.607 0.812 [0.367; 1.769]
Baseline physical activity
(MET-min/week)
−0.002 0.004 0.001* 0.998 [0.997; 0.999]
Transport physical activity4
Group: Control group vs. Movement Coaching −0.770 0.948 0.417 0.463 [0.072; 2.968]
Age (years) 0.078 0.071 0.269 1.081 [0.941; 1.241]
Gender: men vs. women 0.471 0.919 0.608 1.601 [0.264; 9.707]
Body Mass Index (BMI) 0.265 0.111 0.017* 1.304 [1.049; 1.620]
Highest level of education:
“higher than lower secondary school” vs. “lower secondary school”
0.533 0.856 0.538 1.703 [0.313; 9.279]
Duration of LBP at baseline:
“>12 months” vs. “≤12 months” vs.
−1.242 1.617 0.442 0.289 [0.012; 6.870]
Intensity of pain at baseline(minimum = 1; maximum = 6) 0.878 0.543 0.106 2.405 [0.830; 6.970]
Baseline physical activity
(MET-min/week)
−0.006 0.002 <0.000* 0.994 [0.991; 0.997]
  1. Dependent variable: change in physical activity from baseline to twelve month follow-up (T2-T0) (“increase of physical activity”; T2-T0 > 0) vs. “decrease of physical activity”: T2-T0 < 0); 1R2 = 0.52; 2R2 = 0.93; 3R2 = 0.70; 4R2 = 0.77; *p < 0.05