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Table 5 Clinical population studies. Prevalence and incidence rates of musculoskeletal extremity complaints in children by age group

From: Prevalence and incidence of musculoskeletal extremity complaints in children and adolescents. A systematic review

  0–9 years of age 10–19 years of age
  Incidence, % Incidence, %
Anatomic Region/Site Per 1000 person years Management rate per 100 encountersa Per 1000 person years Management rate per 100 encountersa
Upper extremity in general   1.30–1.38 [45]   1.38–4.55 [45]
Shoulder 0.0–0.7 [44]   1.4–4.8 [44]  
Arm 2.0–2.3 [44]   2.3–2.8 [44]  
Elbow 1.3–1.7 [44]   1.9–2.3 [44]  
Wrist/hand/finger 1.8–5.0 [44]   6.3–9.1 [44]  
Lower extremity in general   1.72–1.85 [45]   2.26–5.33 [45]
Hip/groin 4.0–4.9 [46]   2.1–2.2 [46]  
Thigh 4.1–4.2 [46]   4.3–5.1 [46]  
Knee 0.0–3.6 [46]   0.8–17.0 [46]  
Ankle/ft 1.9–9.2 [46]   5.0–16.2 [46]  
  1. [x]: reference number of included study
  2. a Management rate per 100 encounters: diagnoses recorded at general practitioners per 100 consecutive encounters