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Table 4 General population studies. Prevalence and incidence rates of musculoskeletal extremity complaints in the older age groups

From: Prevalence and incidence of musculoskeletal extremity complaints in children and adolescents. A systematic review

  10–19 years of age 6–17 years of age
  Incidence, % Prevalence, % Prevalence, %
Anatomic Region/Site 6 months 12 months Point Often/
usually
Weekly 2 weeks Monthly 6 months Lifetime
Upper extremity
in general
19.9 [37] 13.3 [37]   9.4–11.7 [51] 3.9–4.0 [38] 2.7 [40] 3.6–4.2 [36]   
Shoulder 8 [37] 5 [37] 13.3 [42] 6–14 [52]     33–63 [50]  
Arm 9 [37] 7 [37]        
Elbow    2.6 [42] 4 [52]     2–5 [50]  
Wrist/hand/fingers    4.4 [42] 5–7 [52]     15–23 [50]  
Lower extremity
in general
21 [43] 16 [43]   28.9–31.9 [51] 8.6–12.8 [38] 12.4 [40]    
Hip/groin 7 [43] 4 [43] 5.9 [42] 5–7 [52]      
Thigh    2.7 [42]       
Knee 13 [43] 11 [43] 32.3 [42] 29–32 [52]   6.5 [40]a 25 [48] 17–21 [50]  
Shin    6.2 [42]       
Ankle/ft 14 [43] 8 [43] 11.5 [42] 7–12 [52]   5.5 [40]   15–19 [50] 3.5 [49]
  1. [x]: reference number of included study
  2. Bold: the study received high risk of bias in the quality assessment
  3. a Anatomical site is relates to both hip and knee