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Table 2 Comparison of the recommended treatment of the community spinal surgeons compared with the HIAE physiatrist and orthopaedic surgeon and/or spinal review board, agreement shown in bold (N = 485)

From: Second opinion for degenerative spinal conditions: an option or a necessity? A prospective observational study

Recommended treatment of the community spinal surgeon
Recommended treatment of the HIAE physiatrist and orthopaedic surgeon and/or spine review board Cervical arthrodesis Cervical disc arthroplasty (1 level) Cervical disc arthroplasty (2 levels) Lumbar arthrodesis Cervical or lumbar decompression Endoscopic lumbar decompression Percutaneous decompression Percutaneous decompression +rhyzotomy Radiofrequency rhyzotomy Hardware removal Interlaminar- interspinous distraction stabilisation Neuro-stimulator electrode Nucleoplasty Revision with arthrodesis (cervical) Revision with arthrodesis (lumbar) Local glucocorticoid and local anaesthetic injectiona Discography Not reported Total
Refused spine review board attendance 8 1   34 1   2   3 1     1 8   1   60
Cervical arthrodesis 11       1   1   1         14
Cervical arthrodesis, different level 6                   6
Cervical disc arthroplasty                    0
Cervical disc arthroplasty (2 levels)                    0
Lumbar arthrodesis     25 1       1         27
Lumbar arthrodesis, different level     11                11
Decompression 5    30 7   2   1   2        1 48
Percutaneous decompression with rhyzotomy                    0
Radiofrequency rhyzotomy          8           8
Hardware removal           1          1
Neuro-stimulator electrode             2        2
Revision with arthrodesis (Cervical)          1           1
Revision with arthrodesis (Lumbar)          2       14     16
Coccyx resection     1                1
Local glucocorticoid and local anaesthetic injectiona     4      4           8
Conservative treatment 35 3 2 86 16 1 14 1 56   4 1 4   6 5   1 235
Non-spine condition 14 1 1 5 4   3   13     1 1 2 1 1   47
Total 79 5 3 196 29 1 22 1 89 2 8 3 5 2 30 6 2 2 485
  1. aConsidered ‘surgery’ because procedure performed under anaesthesia in the operating room