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Table 8 Summary of objective gait outcomes and results

From: Objective impairments of gait and balance in adults living with HIV-1 infection: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies

Study ID Results Method of assessment Spatiotemporal outcome
Bauer 2005 [7] a 8-m walk (preferred and fast) Gait speed: time (sec) to cover distancea
Cadence (time in sec for 5 steps)a
Simmonds 2005 [49] b 50-ft (15.24-m) walk (preferred and fast) Gait speed: time (sec) to cover distanceb
Scott 2007 [35] b 6MWD Distance covered (m) in 6 minb
Richert 2011 [8] c 6MWD Distance covered (m) in 6 minc
Bauer 2011 [22] b 8-m walk (preferred and fast) Preferredb and fast gait initiation time (sec)
Fastb and preferred gait speed (m/s)
Fast and preferred cadence (time in sec for 5 steps)
Erlandson 2012a [10] c 4-m walk as part of SPPB
400-m walk (fast)
Only presented as part of SPPB score
Gait speed (m/s)c
Erlandson 2012b [18] c 1) 4-m walk as part of SPPB
2) 400-m walk (fast)
1) Only presented as part of SPPB score
2) Gait speed (m/s)c
Beans 2013 [43] d,a 1) 6MWD
2) 400-m long distance corridor walk
1) Distance covered (m) in 6 mina
2) Gait speed: time (sec) to cover distanced
Richert 2014 [9] b 1) 6MWD
2) 10-m walk
1) Distance covered (m) in 6 minb
2) Gait speed (m/s)
Erlandson 2014 [12] c 400-m walk (fast pace) Gait speed (m/s)c
  1. Outcomes included in meta-analyses are not included in this table
  2. Abbreviations: 6MWD 6 min walk distance, m meters, min minutes, sec seconds, SPPB short physical performance battery
  3. aNo significant difference between PLHIV and controls
  4. bPLHIV significantly impaired compared to controls or normative reference values
  5. cNo comparison provided/impairment quantified by reporting proportion of PLHIV with deficits
  6. dControls performed worse