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Table 6 Comparisons of the difference in UGMax and LGMax activity of in terms of %MVIC with mean (SD) of the hip and thigh muscles between two core pre-activation conditions

From: The effects of therapeutic hip exercise with abdominal core activation on recruitment of the hip muscles

   %MVIC difference (UGMax – LGMax)
Exercise Phase ECA NCA
   Mean difference P-value Mean difference P-value
Clam Concentric 27.19 (18.29) 0.001b 30.47 (21.12) <0.001b
Isometric 45.36 (25.32) <0.001b 45.13 (26.58) <0.001b
Eccentric 20.18 (13.07) 0.001b 17.46 (11.07) <0.001b
HABD Concentric 25.40 (16.00) <0.001b 25.31 (16.57) <0.001b
Isometric 38.03 (19.56) <0.001b 35.45 (20.09) <0.001b
Eccentric 15.93 (7.58) 0.001b 15.18 (10.46) <0.001b
PHE Concentric −5.87 (13.44) 0.057 −5.27 (6.81) 0.003a b
Isometric −5.03 (19.60) 0.086 −3.74 (8.10) 0.061a
Eccentric 2.07 (5.94) 0.121 0.59 (3.60) 0.477a
  1. ECA enhanced core activation, HABD Hip abduction, LGMax Lower part of gluteus maximus, NCA Natural core activation, PHE Prone hip extension, UGMax Upper part of gluteus maximus
  2. aindicates paired t-test otherwise Wilcoxon Signed rank test was used and bindicates significant difference between two core conditions