Skip to main content

Table 2 Static percentages of the performed body postures ≥4 s during office work and other activities

From: Constrained posture in dentistry – a kinematic analysis of dentists

Evaluation parameter [°] Activity Duration [min] Stasis 4–10s [%] Stasis 10–30s [%] Stasis 30–60s [%] Stasis ≥60s [%] Total percentage of stasis [%] Percentage of non-neutral postures [%] Total percentage of stasis of non-neutral postures [%]
Head tilted to the front (HT_f) Reading patient files 420.77 5 2.2 0.3 ---- 7.4 36.8 14.3
Office work 963.92 4.7 2.8 0.3 0.4 8.2 31.6 16.6
Phone calls 159.20 3.7 2.3 0.3 ---- 6.3 20.3 18.3
Conversation 1605.79 1.1 0.2 ---- ---- 1.3 25.5 3.3
Hygiene 75.98 0.4 ---- ---- ---- 0.4 35.3 0.5
Take/deposit instruments 184.52 2.9 0.5 ---- ---- 3.3 57.9 4.4
Laboratory 178.35 11.6 6.7 ---- ---- 18.2 54.5 24.3
Walk 142.08 0.1 ---- ---- ---- 0.1 27.8 0.2
Head tilted to the right (HT_r) Reading patient files 420.77 2.3 0.4 0.3 ---- 3 21.9 6.2
Office work 963.92 3.2 1.2 0.1 0.3 4.9 21.8 15.1
Phone calls 159.20 2.1 0.8 ---- ---- 2.9 15.7 9.6
Conversation 1605.79 1 0.3 ---- ---- 1.3 19.8 3.7
Hygiene 75.98 0.5 0.3 ---- ---- 0.7 20.9 1.5
Take/deposit instruments 184.52 1.7 0.1 ---- ---- 1.8 34.3 3.6
Laboratory 178.35 6.1 4.7 1.1 ---- 12 36.6 23.2
Walk 142.08 0.2 ---- ---- ---- 0.2 22.7 0.2
Neck curvature to the front (NC_f) Reading patient files 420.77 8.5 5.5 1.3 ---- 15.4 52.9 20
Office work 963.92 8.5 7.3 2.6 0.6 19 54 29.7
Phone calls 159.20 8 8.2 0.3 ---- 16.5 38.7 29.2
Conversation 1605.79 2.6 0.6 ---- ---- 3.2 44.9 5
Hygiene 75.98 0.5 ---- ---- ---- 0.5 31.6 0.6
Take/deposit instruments 184.52 2.6 0.5 ---- ---- 3.1 43.3 5.2
Laboratory 178.35 7 5 1.1 ---- 13 44.3 27.1
Walk 142.08 0.3 0.1 ---- ---- 0.5 33.7 1
Neck curvature to the right (NC_r) Reading patient files 420.77 2.9 1.4 0.4 ---- 4.7 24.9 10.8
Office work 963.92 3 1.3 ---- 0.5 4.7 21.1 16.1
Phone calls 159.20 2.6 1.8 ---- ---- 4.4 20 10.8
Conversation 1605.79 1.3 0.3 ---- ---- 1.6 19.9 5.1
Hygiene 75.98 0.1 0.3 ---- ---- 0.4 20.6 0.4
Take/deposit instruments 184.52 1.4 0.3 ---- ---- 1.7 34.5 3.3
Laboratory 178.35 5.1 4 1.1 ---- 10.3 34.3 24.9
Walk 142.08 0.3 ---- ---- ---- 0.3 23.6 0.4
TS inclination to the front (TSI_f) Reading patient files 420.77 7.2 8.5 2.6 1.5 19.9 35.3 32.8
Office work 963.92 6 10.1 5 3.1 24.3 35 39.8
Phone calls 159.20 2.9 3.2 3 2.2 11.3 16.2 27.4
Conversation 1605.79 3 2.7 0.6 0.2 6.5 17.8 13.4
Hygiene 75.98 1 ---- ---- ---- 1 18.2 1.8
Take/deposit instruments 184.52 6.5 2.6 0.4 ---- 9.5 49.8 12.2
Laboratory 178.35 2.6 7.7 9.6 13.5 33.5 42.2 54
Walk 142.08 0.3 0.1 ---- ---- 0.4 10 0.6
TS inclination to the right (TSI_r) Reading patient files 420.77 2.2 2.5 1.1 ---- 5.8 12.1 12
Office work 963.92 1.3 2.6 2.6 4.5 11 14.2 26.8
Phone calls 159.20 0.9 2.7 0.8 0.6 5.1 8.6 14.1
Conversation 1605.79 1.2 1.1 0.5 0.2 3 11.4 8.4
Hygiene 75.98 1.1 ---- ---- ---- 1.1 11.9 2
Take/deposit instruments 184.52 1.2 0.1 ---- ---- 1.3 13.3 2.5
Laboratory 178.35 0.9 1.2 0.4 0.7 3.2 8.5 13.3
Walk 142.08 0.3 0.3 ---- ---- 0.6 16.1 1
LS inclination to the front (LSI_f) Reading patient files 420.77 12.2 13.2 4.4 2.7 32.5 60.3 39.9
Office work 963.92 13.8 24.1 10.4 5.7 54 78.2 64
Phone calls 159.20 13 16.6 11.3 8.3 49.1 73.6 58.6
Conversation 1605.79 8.4 5.9 1.2 0.7 16.1 55.1 22.2
Hygiene 75.98 2.6 ---- ---- ---- 2.6 45.1 3.9
Take/deposit instruments 184.52 9.3 3.6 0.7 ---- 13.6 63.7 16.5
Laboratory 178.35 6.3 11.4 10.8 13.5 42 59.8 50.9
Walk 142.08 0.2 0.1    0.3 31.4 0.5
Back curvature to the front (BC_f) Reading patient files 420.77 2.8 5.3 1.6 1 10.7 15.2 18.6
Office work 963.92 1.2 1.9 0.9 0.1 4.1 6.9 8.5
Phone calls 159.20 0.4 0.4 0.4 ---- 1.3 3 11.5
Conversation 1605.79 0.5 0.4 ---- ---- 0.9 3.3 3.1
Hygiene 75.98 0.7 ---- ---- ---- 0.7 7.3 1.2
Take/deposit instruments 184.52 5 2.6 ---- ---- 7.6 27.6 12.1
Laboratory 178.35 0.5 0.1 ---- 0.6 1.2 3.9 7.6
Walk 142.08 0.1 ---- ---- ---- 0.1 4.6 0.2
Back curvature to the right (BC_r) Reading patient files 420.77 1.8 2.1 1.2 ---- 5.1 9 11.7
Office work 963.92 0.6 1.3 1.2 5.4 8.5 10.3 25
Phone calls 159.20 0.3 0.7 0.3 0.6 2 4 6.3
Conversation 1605.79 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.3 2 7 6.7
Hygiene 75.98 0.9 ---- ---- ---- 0.9 7.6 1.7
Take/deposit instruments 184.52 1 0.1 ---- ---- 1.1 10.2 2.6
Laboratory 178.35 0.6 1.6 0.6 2.5 5.4 8.4 20.1
Walk 142.08 0.1 0.1    0.3 10.6 0.6
Back torsion to the right (BT_r) Reading patient files 420.77 7.4 9.7 5.2 2.1 24.4 39.7 35.6
Office work 963.92 4.2 10.7 5.7 6.1 26.8 34.7 51.9
Phone calls 159.20 3 7.5 6 5.2 21.8 28.2 38.3
Conversation 1605.79 5.4 5.9 2.4 0.9 14.6 32.6 23.4
Hygiene 75.98 1.8 0.6 ---- ---- 2.4 31.1 3.4
Take/deposit instruments 184.52 5.5 2.5 0.4 ---- 8.4 34.1 12.7
Laboratory 178.35 3.7 4.4 5.1 3.5 16.7 27.4 40.7
Walk 142.08 0.2 0.3 ---- ---- 0.5 28.9 0.7
  1. Results to be emphasized are marked in bold. Key: Total percentage of stasis = sum of all static postures in the moderate and unfavorable ergonomic range during all activities