Skip to main content

Table 2 Descriptive and demographic data of the pooled studies at baseline (n = 1824) N(%)

From: Association between Epicondylitis and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Pooled Occupational Cohorts

Variablea Symptoms at time of examb Positive exam findingsc Lateral epicondylitis (symptoms and exam)d No lateral epicondylitis Total
(N=) (n = 273, 15.0%) (n = 264, 14.5%) (n = 121, 6.6%) n = 1703, 93.4%) (n = 1824, 100%)
Age (years) 43.4 (9.6) 43.6 (9.8) 44.5 (8.6) 40.9 (11.5) p = 0.001 41.1 (11.4)
Gender     p = 0.008  
 Female 199 (72.9%) 183 (69.3%) 86 (71.1%) 1002 (58.8%) 1088 (59.6%)
 Male 74 (27.1%) 81 (30.7%) 35 (28.9%) 701 (41.2%) 736 (40.4%)
Diabetes Mellitus     p = 0.144  
 Yes 18 (6.6%) 15 (5.7%) 9 (7.4%) 77 (4.5%) 86 (4.7%)
 No 255 (93.4%) 249 (94.3%) 112 (92.6%) 1626 (95.5%) 1738 (95.3%)
Hypertension     p = 0.207  
 Yes 43 (15.8%) 50 (18.9%) 24 (19.8%) 264 (15.5%) 288 (15.8%)
 No 230 (84.2%) 214 (81.1%) 97 (80.2%) 1439 (84.5%) 1536 (84.2%)
Average systolic Blood Pressure (mmHg) 128.9 (17.9) 128.2 (17.8) 130.0 (18.7) 12.5 (17.1) p = 0.518 127.7 (17.2)
Tobacco Use     p = 0.097  
 Never 152 (55.7%) 155 (58.7%) 64 (52.9%) 1031 (60.5%) 1095 (60.0%)
 Ever 121 (44.3%) 109 (41.3%) 57 (47.1%) 672 (39.5%) 729 (40.0%)
Body Mass Index (kg/m2) 29.8 (6.7) 28.5 (6.7) 29.4 (6.7) 28.6 (6.5) p = 0.157 28.7 (6.5)
CVD Risk Score 6.8 (3.9) 6.6 (3.9) 7.3 (4.0) 5.8 (4.2) p = 0.0003 5.9 (4.2)
  1. aN(%) for categorical variables. Mean (Standard Deviation) for continuous variables
  2. bLateral elbow pain
  3. cEither lateral elbow pain with resisted wrist extension or middle finger extension
  4. dCase definition of lateral epicondylitis with both Lateral elbow pain and at least one resisted wrist physical examination maneuver