Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of the female participants in the snoring groups (n = 3220)

From: Increased fragility fracture risk in Korean women who snore: a 10-year population-based prospective cohort study

  Non-snoring
(n = 1398)
Snoring
(1–5 nights/week)
(n = 1493)
Severe snoring
(6–7 nights/week)
(n = 329)
p-value
Survival time (years) 9.6 ± 1.1 9.5 ± 1.4 9.3 ± 1.6 0.003*
Age (years) 51.3 ± 8.9 52.6 ± 8.6 55.7 ± 8.2 <0.001*
Weight (kg) 57.1 ± 7.8 59.8 ± 8.2 62.5 ± 8.6 <0.001*
Height (cm) 153.9 ± 5.6 154.1 ± 5.5 153.5 ± 5.5 <0.001*
Body mass index (kg/m2) 24.1 ± 3.0 25.2 ± 3.1 26.5 ± 3.2 <0.001*
Waist circumference (cm) 79.8 ± 9.2 82.3 ± 9.5 86.6 ± 9.2 <0.001*
Hip circumference (cm) 92.4 ± 5.7 93.9 ± 5.8 96.2 ± 6.2 <0.001*
Regular exercise, n (%) 325 (23.3) 366 (24.5) 69 (21.0) 0.359
Alcohol consumption, n (%)     0.314
 Never 1012 (72.4) 1052 (70.5) 221 (67.2)  
 Past 32 (2.3) 40 (2.7) 12 (3.7)  
 Current 354 (25.3) 401 (26.9) 96 (29.2)  
Lifetime smoker, n (%)     0.814
 Never 1342 (96.0) 1438 (96.3) 312 (94.8)  
 Past 29 (2.1) 29 (1.9) 9 (2.7)  
 Current 27 (1.9) 26 (1.7) 8 (2.4)  
History of previous fracture, n (%) 31 (2.2) 42 (2.8) 15 (4.6) 0.062
Family history of osteoporosis or fracture, n (%) 78 (5.6) 79 (5.3) 18 (5.5) 0.943
Degenerative arthritis, n (%) 187 (13.4) 279 (18.7) 94 (28.6) <0.001*
Rheumatoid arthritis, n (%) 98 (7.0) 118 (7.9) 37 (11.3) 0.037*
Hypertension, n (%) 172 (12.3) 289 (19.4) 89 (27.1) <0.001*
Diabetes mellitus, n (%) 60 (4.3) 86 (5.8) 35 (10.6) <0.001*
Medications for osteoporosis, n (%) 62 (4.4) 87 (5.8) 17 (5.2) 0.239
Years since menopause (years) 6.5 ± 8.5 7.2 ± 8.5 9.7 ± 8.8 <0.001*
Current estrogen therapy, n (%) 55 (3.9) 45 (3.0) 15 (4.6) 0.245
Speed of sound of radius (m/s) 4212.2 ± 185.5 4187.6 ± 186.1 4136.6 ± 187.4 <0.001*
T-score of radius 0.3 ± 1.6 0.1 ± 1.6 −0.3 ± 1.6 <0.001*
Z-score of radius 1.1 ± 1.4 0.9 ± 1.4 0.8 ± 1.4 <0.001*
Speed of sound of tibia (m/s) 3867.6 ± 164.3 3854.3 ± 161.9 3822.2 ± 171.3 <0.001*
T-score of tibia −0.8 ± 1.5 −0.9 ± 1.5 −1.2 ± 1.6 <0.001*
Z-score of tibia −0.1 ± 1.3 −0.1 ± 1.3 −0.2 ± 1.5 <0.001*
Fracture, n (%) 103 (7.4) 124 (8.3) 46 (14.0) 0.001*
  1. Data are presented as mean ± standard deviation or number of participants (%)
  2. The p-values of continuous and binary variables were calculated using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the chi-square test, respectively
  3. *p < 0.05