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Table 2 Recommendations for the coaching intervention – barriers and facilitators

From: Understanding knee osteoarthritis from the patients’ perspective: a qualitative study

Barriers in the management of knee osteoarthritis
Result Contributions
Difficulty for translating theory into practice Strategies and techniques to take action
Difficulties in sustaining a healthy diet Indications and recommendations for a healthy diet
To facilitate simple menus
To facilitate healthy menus
Techniques to control stress (anxiety)
Motivation strategies to implement a healthy diet and make it sustainable over time
Pain associated with physical activity Techniques to manage pain
Indications and recommendations to carry out physical activity
Motivation strategies to start and sustain physical activity
Fear Strategies to overcome fears
Facilitators in the management of knee osteoarthritis
Result Contributions
Holistic Vision Holistic vision focused on individual needs
Lack of individualisation Taking into account the person within the group
Physiotherapy to reduce pain Include physiotherapy exercises in the intervention
Strategies to sustain the practice of these exercises
They would like to have more information To provide information on the disease, its repercussions and advice on how to live with it
Learning to say “no” Assertiveness strategies
Social support To offer space for participants to talk about their particular situation
To offer the possibility of continuity of contact between participants at the end of the intervention (WhatsApp, phone, etc.)
Self-care To provide strategies for the patient to have time for him/herself
Learning to calm down Strategies to control stress
Breathing and relaxation techniques
Acceptance Work with acceptance and differentiating it from resignation
Values The patients’ most important values will be used to motivate and to generate change in the participants (family, autonomy, discipline)