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Table 4 Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (Cl) for multivariate associations with pain in last 7 days in the upper limb

From: Pain, pain intensity and pain disability in high school students are differently associated with physical activity, screening hours and sleep

   Shoulders Wrists
Univariable Multivariable Univariable Multivariable
OR; IC95% OR; IC95% OR; IC95% OR; IC95%
Gender Female 2.56; [1.73;3.77]** 2.97; [1.94;4.54]** 2.05; [1.37;3.07]** 2.13; [1.38;3.27]**
Age ≥16 1.57; [1.08;2.29]** 1.77; [1.17;2.69]** 1.21; [0.81;1.80]  
Sleeping
hours
≤7 h 1.48; [0.99;2.10]* 1.32; [0.85;2.06] 1.87; [1.24;2.83]** 1.79; [1.15;2.77]**
Physical
activity
Moderate 1.06;[1.01;1.10]** 1.06;[1.01;1.11]** 1.09;[1.03;1.14]** 1.08;[1.03;1.14]**
Vigorous 1.04;[1.01;1.09]** 1.00;[1.00;1.01] 1.01;[0.97;1.06]  
Using mobile phones ≤1 h 0.91;[0.49;1.69] 0.66;[0.34;1.27] 1.36;[0.66;2.79] 1.14;[0.54;2.41]
[2;3] hours 0.69;[0.35;1.39] 0.47;[0.22;0.99] 1.29;[0.59;2.80] 0.97;[0.43;2.19]
[4;5] hours 1.47;[0.68;3.16] 0.76;[0.33;1.77] 1.89;[0.79;4.54] 1.31;[0.52;3.30]
≥5 h 2.00;[1.00;4.01]* 1.11;[0.52;2.35] 2.56;[1.15;5.72]** 1.57;[0.67;3.68]
  1. *p < 0.1; ** p < 0.05; Only significant associations are shown; reference categories for OR: gender (male), age (13–15 years old), sleeping (≥8 h), using mobile phone (no use)