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Table 5 Results of the meta-analysis: erythrocyte sedimentation rate and Schirmer test

From: Is hydroxychloroquine effective in treating primary Sjogren’s syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Test Control Study number Patient number Pooled effect size wmd (95% CI) P-value I2 (%)
HCQ group Control group Total
ESR Placebo 3 63 69 132 −7.24 (−13.72 to -0.76) 0.03 0.0
Schirmer test Placebo 3 56 57 113 0.04 (−2.20 to 2.28) 0.97 0.0
  1. Abbreviations: ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate, HCQ Hydroxychloroquine, CI confidence interval; wmd, weighted mean difference