Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 4 Causes of the first reoperations or readmission after surgery for hip fracture stratified by fracture type

From: Mortality, readmission, and reoperation after hip fracture in nonagenarians

(1) Reoperation
  1-Month 3-Month 6-Month 1-Year 2-Year 5-Year 10-Year
Fracture typea Total Cervical Troch Total Cervical Troch Total Cervical Troch Total Cervical Troch Total Cervical Troch Total Cervical Troch Total Cervical Troch
Nb 328 184 144 509 263 246 634 317 317 818 397 421 1027 477 550 1253 576 677 1295 596 699
Conversion to/revision arthroplastyc 17.38% 21.74% 11.81% 26.13% 26.24% 26.02% 32.49% 33.12% 31.86% 35.45% 37.03% 33.97% 37.39% 40.46% 34.73% 36.63% 41.15% 32.79% 36.37% 41.11% 32.33%
Infection 37.20% 45.65% 26.39% 31.24% 38.40% 23.58% 28.55% 33.75% 23.34% 24.69% 29.22% 20.43% 21.52% 26.00% 17.64% 19.07% 22.05% 16.54% 18.61% 21.31% 16.31%
Removal of implant 11.89% 7.61% 17.36% 22.79% 12.93% 33.33% 25.87% 12.93% 38.80% 25.92% 14.86% 36.34% 23.66% 13.84% 32.18% 21.07% 12.33% 28.51% 20.62% 12.08% 27.90%
Mechanical complicationd 23.17% 23.37% 22.92% 33.20% 29.28% 37.40% 33.12% 26.50% 39.75% 30.81% 25.19% 36.10% 26.97% 22.64% 30.73% 23.46% 19.44% 26.88% 23.09% 19.46% 26.18%
Dislocation 13.11% 20.65% 3.47% 12.38% 21.29% 2.85% 10.25% 17.98% 2.52% 8.31% 14.86% 2.14% 6.62% 12.37% 1.64% 5.43% 10.24% 1.33% 5.25% 9.90% 1.29%
Avascular necrosis 3.96% 1.63% 6.94% 2.55% 1.14% 4.07% 2.05% 0.95% 3.15% 1.59% 0.76% 2.38% 1.27% 0.63% 1.82% 1.04% 0.52% 1.48% 1.00% 0.50% 1.43%
Second hip fracture 30.18% 22.83% 39.58% 33.01% 29.28% 36.99% 37.54% 37.22% 37.85% 45.35% 44.58% 46.08% 53.16% 51.99% 54.18% 59.46% 59.20% 59.68% 60.46% 60.23% 60.66%
Malunion 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.10% 0.00% 0.18% 0.16% 0.00% 0.30% 0.15% 0.00% 0.29%
Nonunion 0.61% 0.00% 1.39% 2.16% 1.14% 3.25% 3.31% 2.21% 4.42% 4.77% 3.53% 5.94% 4.28% 2.94% 5.45% 3.91% 2.60% 5.02% 3.78% 2.52% 4.86%
(2) Medical Readmission
  1-Month 3-Month                
Fracture typea Total Cervical Troch Total Cervical Troch                
Na 2109 806 1303 2694 1008 1686                
Stroke 6.83% 7.32% 6.52% 7.94% 8.33% 7.71%                
Acute myocardial infarction 3.18% 3.47% 2.99% 3.19% 3.67% 2.91%                
Pulmonary embolism 1.38% 1.12% 1.53% 1.19% 0.89% 1.36%                
Deep vein thrombosis 1.28% 0.74% 1.61% 1.37% 0.99% 1.60%                
Acute renal failure 10.05% 10.42% 9.82% 11.47% 12.60% 10.79%                
Acute respiratory failure 25.27% 22.33% 27.09% 30.59% 26.39% 33.10%                
Pneumonia 37.08% 36.72% 37.30% 43.50% 41.27% 44.84%                
Exacerbation of COPD 52.82% 52.61% 52.95% 48.37% 48.21% 48.46%                
  1. a Fracture type : Cervical Cervical fracture, Troch Trochanteric fracture
  2. b N = The number of subjects who had at least one readmission or reoperation
  3. c % = Percentage of subjects who had a certain cause of complication among the total number of subjects who had at least one complication. Subjects might have had more than one readmission or operation due to multiple causes
  4. d Mechanical complication included loss reduction, screw back out or cutting out, skin irritation, and implant broken/failure