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Table 3 Spearman correlations and partial correlations (controlled for baseline disability) of baseline predictors with disability at follow-up

From: Psychological risk and protective factors for disability in chronic low back pain – a longitudinal analysis in primary care

  ρ ρ-partial
Baseline disability 0.46  
Age 0.26 0.28
Somatization 0.40 0.23
Depression 0.35 0.25
Time since onset of pain 0.14 0.13
Coping resources −0.15 −0.12*
Resilience −0.21 −0.18
Gender 0.02 0.08
  1. *p < .05; p < .01; p < .001