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Table 3 Diagnostic accuracy of sensory tests

From: Accuracy of clinical neurological examination in diagnosing lumbo-sacral radiculopathy: a systematic literature review

Author (year) Reference standard Sensitivity (95% CI) Specificity (95% CI) + LR - LR
Suri et al. (2010) [15] L2 MRI 0.08 (0.01-0.27) 0.96 (0.82-1.00) 2.0 1.0
L3 MRI 0.17 (0.05-0.37) 0.96 (0.82-1.00) 4.3 1.2
L4 MRI 0.17 (0.05-0.37) 1.00 (0.88-1.00) 0.2 1.2
L5 MRI 0.13 (0.03-0.34) 0.82 (0.63-0.94) 0.7 0.9
S1 MRI 0.08 (0.01-0.27) 0.79 (0.59-0.92) 0.4 0.9
Iversen et al. (2013) MRI & CT 0.33 (0.06-0.79) 0.88 (0.81-0.93) 2.8 1.3
Bertilson et al. (2010) [14] (L4) MRI 0.07 (0.01-0.22) 0.81 (0.63-0.93) 0.4 0.9
L5   0.17 (0.06-0.35) 0.58 (0.39-0.75) 0.4 0.7
S1   0.20 (0.08-0.39) 0.84 (0.66-0.95) 1.3 1.1
Albeck (1996) [13] Surgery 0.61 (0.47-0.73) 0.63 (0.38-0.84) 1.6 1.6
Vroomen et al. (2002) [10] MRI 0.14 (0.09-0.21) 0.93 (0.87-0.97) 2.0 1.1