Skip to main content

Table 3 Function (ODI), health related quality of life (EQ-5D, EQ-VAS), Anxiety and depression (HADS) and pain catastrophisation (PCS) in women PGP or PGP plus LBP and women with no PGP at follow-up

From: Predictors and consequences of long-term pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain: a longitudinal follow-up study

Variable PGP or PGP + LBP (n = 37) No pain (n = 290) p-value
ODI 22.0 (6; 42) 4.00 (0; 58) <.001
n = 31 n = 243
EQ-5D 0.725 (0.414; 1) 0.848 (0.222; 1) <.001
n = 25 n = 234
EQ -VAS 76.5 (50; 100) 86.0 (0; 100) <.001
n = 30 n = 230
HADS-A, sum of scores 66 (0; 14) 3 (0; 22) <.001
n = 32 n = 241
HADS-A > 8 10 (31.3 %) 24 (10.0 %) 0.0044
HADS-D, sum of scores 2.50 (0; 12) 1.00 (0; 12) <.001
n = 32 n = 241
HADS-D, >8 2 (6.3 %) 4 (1.7 %) 0.30
PCS score 15.5 (0; 35) 6 (0; 52) <.001
n = 32 n = 237
PCS magnification 3.50 (0; 8) 1 (0; 12) <.001
n = 32 n = 241
PCS helplessness 6 (0; 17) 2 (0; 24) <.001
n = 32 n = 241
PCS rumination 5.50 (0; 11) 2 (0; 16) 0.0036
n = 32 n = 241
GSE (half scale) 33.0 (24.0; 40.0) 35.0 (10.0; 40.0) 0.046
n = 32 n = 239
DRI index 30.8 (2.8; 78.6) 4.62 (0; 55.85) <.001
n = 32 n = 243
DRI, Dressing 4 (0; 100) 1 (0; 26) <.001
n = 33 n = 241
DRI, Outdoor walks 11 (0; 90) 1.50 (0; 71) <.001
n = 33 n = 242
DRI, Climbing stairs 12 (0; 100) 2 (0; 77) <.001
n = 33 n = 243
DRI, Sitting for a longer time 30 (0; 80) 3 (0; 90) <.001
n = 33 n = 243
DRI, Get up from chair 13 (0; 100) 2 (0; 77) <.001
n = 33 n = 243
DRI, Standing bent 39 (0; 100) 3 (0; 94) <.001
n = 33 n = 243
DRI, Carrying a bag 22 (0; 97) 2 (0; 69) <.001
n = 33 n = 242
DRI, Running 38 (1; 100) 3 (0; 100) <.001
n = 33 n = 243
DRI, Light work 17 (0; 90) 2 (0; 79) <.001
n = 33 n = 243
DRI, Turn in bed 49 (2; 100) 3 (0; 98) <.001
n = 33 n = 242
DRI, Heavy work 47 (0; 98.) 4 (0; 86) <.001
n = 33 n = 242
DRI, Lifting heavy 26 (2; 100) 3 (0; 75) <.001
n = 33 n = 243
DRI, Sports 17 (0; 100) 2 (0; 65) <.001
n = 33 n = 243
  1. For comparison between groups Fisher’s Exact test was used for dichotomous variables and the Mann-Whitney U-test was used for continuous variables
  2. PGP Pelvic girdle pain, LBP Low back pain, ODI Oswestry disability index, EQ-5D EuroQol-5 dimensions, EQ-VAS EuroQol-visual analogue scale, HADS-A Hospitality anxiety depression score-anxiety, HADS-D Hospitality anxiety depression score-depression, PCS Pain catastrophisation scale, GES General self-efficacy scale. For categorical variables n (%) is presented. For continuous variables Median (Min; Max) / n = is presented