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Table 3 Results summary for patellar tendon findings before (baseline) and after running (follow-up)

From: The influence of long distance running on sonographic joint and tendon pathology: results from a prospective study with marathon runners

Prevalence of patellar tendon hypervascularity (%) Baseline Follow-up p
 total 1 (0.5) 21 (10.0) < 0.001
 male participants 1 (0.7) 18 (12.8) < 0.001
 female participants 0 (0) 3 (4.3) 0.245
 BMI < 23 kg/m2 0 (0) 9 (7.3) 0.003
 BMI > 23 kg/m2 1 (1.2) 12 (14.3) 0.002
 age ≤ 35 years 0 (0) 15 (13.2) < 0.001
 age > 35 years 1 (1.0) 6 (6.3) 0.118
 weekly training < 50 km 1 (0.6) 13 (9.1) 0.002
 weekly training > 50 km 0 (0) 8 (14.8) < 0.001
 half marathon distance 0 (0) 7 (8.0) 0.014
 marathon distance 1 (0.8) 14 (11.5) < 0.001
  1. p values < 0.05 were considered significant and are highlighted in bold print