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Table 1 Baseline patient data

From: Preoperative cognitive-behavioural intervention improves in-hospital mobilisation and analgesic use for lumbar spinal fusion patients

Patient characteristics CBT group Control group
(n = 59) (n = 31)
Male gender 23 (39) 16 (52)
Age (year ± SD) 51.4 (9.2) 47.7 (8.9)
Smoking n (%) 20 (32) 10 (30)
Working status   
 Employed
 Unemployed
 Disability pension
 Early retirement
32 (54)
11 (19)
9 (15)
7 (12)
15 (48)
11 (36)
5 (16)
0 (0)
Diagnosis   
 Spondylolisthesis 16 (27) 7 (23)
 Degenerative disc disease 43 (73) 24 (77)
Surgical procedures   
 PLF 41 (69) 12 (39)
 TLIF 17 (29) 19 (61)
 Uninstrumented 1 (2) 0 (0)
Previous spine surgery   
 Spondylodesis 2 (3) 1 (3)
 Decompression 7 (11) 1 (3)
Fusion levels   
 One 36 (62) 20 (69)
 Two 19 (32) 8 (27)
 Three 4 (7) 3 (10)
Disability (ODI)   
 Mean (SD) 40.7 (13.2) 40.8 (15)
Pain (LBPRS)   
 Back,median (25;75 percentile) 7.0 (5.3;8.0) 7.2 (6.0;8.0)
 Leg, median (25;75 percentile) 6.3 (4.3;7.7) 6.3 (3.7;8.3)
Quality of life (EQ-5D) 0.655 (0.389;0.723) 0.627 (0.356;0.723)
  1. Numbers are presented as n (%) unless otherwise stated
  2. EQ-5D EuroQol 5 Dimensions, LBPRS low back pain rating scale, ODI oswestry disability index, PLF posterolateral fusion, TLIF transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion