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Table 1 Inclusion and Exclusion criteria

From: The value of arthroscopy in the treatment of complex ankle fractures – a protocol of a randomised controlled trial

Inclusion criteria Exclusion criteria
Age 18–65 years Patients under 18 years or over 65 years
Patients who have acute infections, mental illnesses, high anesthesiological risk (ASA >3)
Patients with expected incompliance
Acute ankle fracture classified as AO type 44 A2, A3, B2, B3, C1-C3 Acute ankle fracture classified as AO type 44 A1 or B1 fracture, pilon or plafond-variant injury. Open fractures
Written informed consent (patient is able to read and understand German language properly) Patients without written informed consent