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Table 2 Results of the reviewed literature for the specific operative techniques

From: Surgical treatment for achilles tendinopathy – a systematic review

  Year CMS N Age FU SR PS CR
Open peritendineous debridement
Nelen et al. [24]a 1989 66 93 n.s. n.s. 88 n.s. n.s.
Paavola et al. [18] 2002 59 16 37 7 100 94 6
   62.5 ± 4.9 109 37 7 89.8 ± 8.5 94 6
Open intratendineous debridement
Nelen et al. [24]a 1989 66 26 n.s. n.s. 73 n.s. n.s.
Alfredson et al. [19] 2007 53 10 45 6 100 80 10
Lohrer & Nauck [32] 2014 81 34 50 12 97 n.s. 8
Paavola et al. [18] 2002 59 26 46 7 73 79 27
   64.8 ± 12.1 96 47.8 ± 2.6 6.8 ± 4.9 84.3 ± 14.8 79.3 ± 0.7 15.3 ± 10.4
FHL transfer/augmentation
Nelen et al. [24] 1989 66 24 n.s. n.s. 87 n.s. n.s.
Cottom et al. [29] 2008 81 62 61 27 n.s. 95 23
Wilcox et al. [41] 2000 58 17 61 14 75 n.s. 0
Martin et al. [37] 2005 84 44 58 41 91 86 11
Lui et al. [33] 2012 69 5 46 20 80 n.s. 0
   71.6 ± 10.8 152 59.4 ± 7.1 29.8 ± 11.6 86.3 ± 7.1 91.3 ± 6.4 14.9 ± 11.0
Gastrocnemius recession
Duthon et al. [30] 2011 64 14 42 24 79 60 0
Gurdezi et al. [31] 2013 70 5 45 30 n.s. 66 n.s.
   67.0 ± 4.2 19 42.8 ± 2.1 25.6 ± 4.2 79.0 61.6 ± 4.2 0.0
Percutaneous longitudinal tenotomy
Alfredson et al. [25] 2011 73 87 46 18 83 83 3
Maffulli et al. [28] 2013 84 39 45 204 77 77 18
   78.5 ± 7.8 126 45.7 ± 0.7 75.6 ± 131.6 81.1 ± 4.2 81.1 ± 4.2 7.6 ± 10.6
Minimally invasive paratenon debridement
Maquirriain et al. [42] 2013 79 24 46 92 100 n.s. 7
Pearce et al. [26] 2012 62 11 37 30 n.s. 72 0
Vega et al. [40] 2008 69 8 43 27 100 n.s. 0
Alfredson et al. [25] 2011 73 16 47 18 74 74 3
Ruergård & Alfredson [38] 2014 79 47 52 12 n.s. 88 0
   72.4 ± 7.2 106 47.7 ± 5.5 34.0 ± 32.2. 91.3 ± 15.0 82.6 ± 8.7 2.0 ± 3.1
  1. Year of publication (Year), Coleman Methodological Score (CMS), Number of patients (N), aFor this study N means number of tendons, Age (years), Followup period (FU) in months, Success rate (SR) in %, Patient satisfaction (PS) in %, and Complication rates (CR) in %. Values for FU, SR, and PS of the individual studies are presented as means. Summarized information of the specific operative techniques are presented in the last lines of the respective sections (CMS = unweighted mean. Age, FU, SR, PS, and CR = weighted means ± SD)