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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of cleaners and shop assistants

From: Early retirement among Danish female cleaners and shop assistants according to work environment characteristics and upper extremity complaints: an 11-year follow-up study

  Cleaners N = 1430 Shop assistants N = 579
Variable   
Age mean (sd) 50.3 (8.2) 44.0 (10.4)
Education highest level 10 years % 94.3 74.9
Less than 40 weeks paid work one year before baseline % 14.7 7.8
Other ethnicity than Danish a % 6.6 0.4
Body mass index (BMI) mean (sd) 25.6 (5.2) 24.2 (4.3)
Actual number of hours a week with paid cleaning work. Mean (sd) 28.9 (10.2) Not relevant
Use of mop more than 10 h a week % 50.7 Not relevant
Working alone - always or often % 14.1 4.5
Decision latitude b 49.1 (30.96) 60.1 (25.29)
Mean (SD) 0–100
High value expressing high decision latitude
Quantitative demand b 45.2 (23.2) 49.0 (18.2)
Mean (SD) 0–100
High value expressing high quantitative demand
Shoulder pain more than 90 days in the last year % 29.9 12.6
Elbow pain more than 90 days in the last year % 16.4 6.2
Wrist pain more than 90 days the last year % 23.4 8.1
Daily tingling of fingers in the last three months % 13.4 3.6
Shoulder, elbow or wrist pain more than 90 days in the last year or daily tingling of fingers in the last three months % 45.1 19.5
Marital status % married 89.4 79.6
  1. a Information from the DREAM database; ‘other ethnicity than Danish’ means first- and second-generation refugees or immigrants
  2. b Index COPSOC [17]