Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 5 Combinations of the three health conditions

From: Impairment in the activities of daily living in older adults with and without osteoporosis, osteoarthritis and chronic back pain: a secondary analysis of population-based health survey data

  Osteoarthritis and chronic back pain Osteoarthritis and osteoporosis Chronic back pain and osteoporosis
ADL problems/deficits (%) Yes No p-value Yes No p-value Yes No p-value
Walking 500 m without walking aids 34.3 18.7 <0.001 43.6 19.9 <0.001 38.4 20.4 <0.001
Climbing stairs up and down without walking aids 35.4 18.8 <0.001 44.4 20.2 <0.001 40.0 20.5 <0.001
Use fingers to grab and use small things 9.6 4.0 <0.001 12.5 4.5 <0.001 9.9 4.8 <0.001
Turn on a tap or unscrew a can 9.9 4.1 <0.001 12.5 4.7 <0.001 10.7 4.8 <0.001
Stretch hand and shake hands 4.4 1.0 <0.001 4.1 1.6 0.001 3.5 1.6 0.011
Bend or kneel down 61.3 31.7 <0.001 68.8 35.3 <0.001 61.6 35.9 <0.001
Lift and carry a shopping bag with 5 kg 46.7 26.7 <0.001 59.1 28.2 <0.001 55.3 28.3 <0.001
Eat independently 7.9 6.6 0.223 10.6 6.5 0.004 9.9 6.5 0.013
Sit down on a chair or bed and stand up 17.1 9.2 <0.001 20.7 9.9 <0.001 19.1 10.0 <0.001
Put on and take off clothes 18.6 11.0 <0.001 19.5 12.1 <0.001 18.9 12.1 <0.001
Go to the toilet 7.9 7.2 0.509 10.6 7.0 0.012 9.2 7.2 0.150
Take a bath or a shower 24.2 14.0 <0.001 29.9 14.9 <0.001 25.8 15.3 <0.001
Prepare food 23.6 15.9 <0.001 26.4 16.8 <0.001 23.8 17.0 0.001
Make telephone calls independently 6.9 5.2 0.073 6.8 5.5 0.313 8.7 5.2 0.005
Go shopping independently 30.7 16.8 <0.001 35.2 18.4 <0.001 33.7 18.3 <0.001
Wash clothes independently 27.0 18.2 <0.001 28.2 19.4 <0.001 25.7 19.7 0.005
Do regularly light house work 24.7 14.3 <0.001 27.7 15.5 <0.001 25.8 15.6 <0.001
Do regularly heavy house work 59.0 38.7 <0.001 68.3 40.6 <0.001 62.3 41.2 <0.001
Manage financial affairs independently 16.1 9.9 <0.001 17.3 10.7 <0.001 17.6 10.6 <0.001
ADL dimension 1* 69.2 46.3 <0.001 79.1 48.5 <0.001 73.7 48.9 <0.001
ADL dimension 2* 39.7 25.6 <0.001 43.6 27.2 <0.001 40.9 27.5 <0.001
ADL dimension 3* 64.2 36.2 <0.001 71.2 39.7 <0.001 66.3 40.0 <0.001
ADL dimension 4* 16.6 6.6 <0.001 19.0 7.8 <0.001 16.6 8.1 <0.001
  1. This table is similar to Table 2, but combines two health conditions, respectively, showing proportions (percent) of 3097 community-dwelling subjects who reported problems or deficits in the activities of daily living (ADLs). The p-values refer to differences between those with and without the respective musculoskeletal disorders and were calculated with the Pearson’s Chi2 test
  2. *ADL dimensions are described in Table 3